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  Mercury: ESA / JAXA bepi-columbo to heat debate @~333F
Posted by: EA - 09-19-2018, 09:53 PM - Forum: Hidden Mission Review - Replies (1)


Quote:Mean Temperature (F)


[Image: spectra_mercury.jpg?mw=600]

[Image: 01.gif]

Mercury studies reveal an intriguing target for BepiColombo
September 19, 2018, Europlanet

[Image: mercurystudi.jpg]
BepiColombo approaching Mercury. Credit: ESA/ATG medialab, NASA/JPL
A month before the planned launch of the joint ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury, two new studies shed light on when the innermost planet formed and the puzzle of its chemical composition. The findings will be presented by Bastien Brugger and Thomas Ronnet at the European Planetary Science Congress (EPSC) 2018 in Berlin.

Mercury is the least-studied of the terrestrial planets and is something of an anomaly compared to Venus, Earth and Mars. It is very small, very dense, has an oversized molten core, and formed under chemical conditions that mean it contains much less oxidized material than its neighbouring planets.

Research by a team at the University of Aix Marseille suggests that two factors may help explain why Mercury is so strange. Firstly, the planet may have formed very early in the solar system's history from condensed vapour from planetesimals. Secondly, that there may be more iron within Mercury's mantle than might be suggested by measurements of the surface.

"We think that very early in the solar system, planetesimals in the innermost region of the solar system could have formed from reprocessed material that was vaporized due to the extreme temperature there and subsequently recondensed," said Ronnet. "In addition, we are able to rule out a scenario where Mercury formed from a pile-up of planetesimals coming from further out in the solar system since, in this case, Mercury would contain more oxidized material than we actually find."

[Image: 1-mercurystudi.jpg]
Interior of Mercury. Credit: Brugger/ University of Aix Marseille/NASA/JPL/JHU-APL
Early studies have suggested that Mercury is very rich in iron, and contains more sulphur than should be available in the material from which the bulk of the solar system formed. Since then, the MESSENGER mission has greatly improved our view of the bulk composition of Mercury.

Brugger ran computer simulations of Mercury's interior investigating core and mantle compositions and compared the results with gravity data gathered by the MESSENGER mission. The results suggest that Mercury has a dense mantle that may contain substantial amounts of iron.

"MESSENGER revealed very low abundances of silicate iron on the surface of Mercury, and this element would instead be present in metallic or sulphide phases. Our study suggests that iron abundances in the mantle could be higher than values measured on the surface," said Brugger. "With the launch of BepiColombo, we will have a whole new suite of instruments to continue the investigation of Mercury's unique properties, and try to better understand the structure and origin of the planet."

[Image: 2-mercurystudi.jpg]
False colour image of Mercury to enhance the chemical, mineralogical, and physical differences between the rocks that make up Mercury’s surface. Credit: NASA/JHU-APL/Carnegie Institution of Washington
BepiColombo is Europe's first mission to Mercury. It is a joint endeavour between ESA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA, and consists of two scientific orbiters: ESA's Mercury Planetary Orbiter and JAXA's Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter. They will be carried on a seven year journey to the innermost planet by the Mercury Transfer Module, using a combination of ion propulsion and gravity assist flybys at Earth, Venus and Mercury. The mission will study all aspects of Mercury, building on the achievements of MESSENGER to provide the best understanding of the solar system's innermost planet to date.

  [/url]Explore further: [url=https://phys.org/news/2018-07-bepicolombo-mid-october.html]BepiColombo to target mid-October launch

Provided by: Europlanet

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-09-mercury-re...o.html#jCp

Mercury and its depressions
September 19, 2018 by Alice Lucchetti, American Geophysical Union

[Image: mercuryandit.jpg]
One of the three craters, the Canova crater, hosting hollows analyzed in this work. Credit: NASA
One of the most surprising discoveries of the NASA's Messenger mission was the presence of unusual, bright, irregular and rimless flat-floored depressions on the surface of Mercury. These depressions, called hollows, are usually found on crater walls, rims, floors and central peaks.

Since the hollows appear fresh, they may be actively forming today through a mechanism that could involve the loss of volatile compounds, but understanding how the hollows formed is still a major challenge for scientists.

In a new study published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, a journal of the American Geophysical Union, lead author Alice Lucchetti and her Italian team analyzed the nature of Mercury's hollows inside three different impact craters: Dominici, Canova and Velazquez. The new study focuses understanding the geomorphology and compositional mineralogy of the hollows through the use of multi-color images acquired from the Mercury Dual Imaging System, or MDIS, instrument.

"We performed detailed geological mapping of the craters hosting hollows, making use of high- resolution images, in order to fully characterize the geological framework where these features formed." Lucchetti said.

The researchers separated the craters' areas into different units characterized by their spectral behavior. Comparing the results coming from the geomorphological and spectral analysis, we revealed a strong correlation between the spectral units and those identified in high-resolution geological maps," Lucchetti said.

[Image: 1-mercuryandit.jpg]
Comparison between the geological map and the spectral analysis for Canova crater. Hollows are identified by a well-defined spectrum (cluster #9). Credit: Lucchetti et al.
The new research shows the hollows in all three craters show a similar, well-defined, visible spectrum. When this spectrum is compared with laboratory spectra, it is indicative of a mixture of different materials.

"We found that both sulfides and pyroxene presenting transitional elements are responsible for the hollows absorption presented in the spectra," Lucchetti said. "This provides new insights into the hollows' nature and composition, suggesting that hollows terrains are the expression of not only the remnant material coming from a process that involve devolatilization, but also of the bedrock-forming material in which the hollows formed."

This work is important to scientists' overall understanding of the hollows.

"We are already studying other regions of Mercury to understand if it is a common behavior of these features or if different terrains affect their formation in different ways," she said.

The hollows will also be one of the main targets of interest of the upcoming European Space Agency and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency BepiColombo mission, which will be launched in mid-October.

[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Evidence for active hollows formation on Mercury

More information: A. Lucchetti et al. Mercury Hollows as Remnants of Original Bedrock Materials and Devolatilization Processes: A Spectral Clustering and Geomorphological Analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets (2018). DOI: 10.1029/2018JE005722

Provided by: American Geophysical Union

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-09-mercury-de...s.html#jCp

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  Learned a lesson
Posted by: Fsbirdhouse - 09-10-2018, 02:29 PM - Forum: Tell us about it... - Replies (4)

Some months ago I was contacted by a fellow from the FBI. He had read on a hunting forum I post at that I would be interested in hosting Wounded Warriors/New to area FBI employees on duck hunting trips in the local area and would provide everything. The local Elks Lodge also volunteered to provide funding for hunting licenses as well. Last weekend, a couple of these fellows (Including their FBI boss) came down for the local dove hunt, all went well.
We then finalized plans we'd talked about for several weeks to have a get acquainted BBQ for his people wanting to hunt. Said I'd get a group of the best equipped and knowledgeable hunters on this side of state (I know and regularly hunt with many) and they'd help these new employees out this coming season.
After purchasing two large Briskets, 12 racks of Baby Back ribs and a box of fried chicken, ($200 worth) renting large tables and loading the patio with several Traeger pellet stoves and Weber BBQs, as well as all the ladies making pot luck dishes and desserts.....None of the FBI people showed up!
The only Wounded Warrior who came is a friend of mine I've hunted with before on several occasions.
No phone call...nothing, just blew us off!
Leaves a sour taste. Pennywise
Those friends that came were anesthetized with several Duck Farts, and so the day was saved, but I'm still dealing with a slow 'BURN'. Won't be no FBI guys in any of our blinds this year!
Think I'll have a Duck Fart!

OH! BTW: It turns out, most of them were new from California.

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  NASA at 60
Posted by: rhw007 - 09-05-2018, 10:40 PM - Forum: Tell us about it... - Replies (2)

NASA at 60

Von Karman Lecture Series - September

[Image: nasa60logo.jpg]
NASA@60: The Role of the Robots

Sept. 6 & 7

Much has changed about the way we explore space in the 60 years since NASA began operations on Oct. 1, 1958. Today’s robotic spacecraft are beginning to experiment with laser communications, artificial intelligence and 3-D printed parts. But did you know some of the first spacecraft the U.S. sent to the Moon included parts made of wood, or that spacecraft used to record data on motorized magnetic tape recorders? Despite all the advances, one thing hasn’t changed: we still rely on robotic spacecraft to extend our senses above and beyond Earth and to blaze a trail as precursors for human explorers. As NASA celebrates its 60th anniversary, this panel discussion will look back over the decades at how far our robotic exploration has come, and consider where we might be headed.

Part one of the program will focus on major milestones in robotic exploration, what it took to reach those accomplishments, how far we’ve come, and how have spacecraft changed over the years. Part two will focus on new developments we might look for in robotic spacecraft in the next couple of decades. What demands will we be placing on spacecraft, in terms of capabilities and destinations, that are different?

Preston Dyches – JPL Public Outreach Specialist

Panel Speakers:
Rob Manning
Julie Webster
Charles Norton
Anne Marinan
Thursday, September 6, 2018, 7pm
The von Kármán Auditorium at JPL
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA
› Directions

Friday, September 7, 2018, 7pm
Caltech’s Ramo Auditorium
1200 E California Blvd.
Pasadena, CA
› Directions
Click here to watch the event live on Ustream


Make a note I plan to try and live-record these two series.  If not download latter.

Bob... Ninja Assimilated

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  Signing off for 2 weeks
Posted by: The Watcher - 08-30-2018, 02:34 PM - Forum: Tell us about it... - Replies (8)

Hi everyone, 
I know I am not the most prolific poster, but, I wanted to let you know that I will be offline for the next 2 weeks as I am off on my first Holiday in 25 years. Taking the wife to Turkey, Alanya. 


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  Bottom quarks
Posted by: letosvet - 08-29-2018, 02:00 PM - Forum: Anomalous Herald News - No Replies

First-Ever Evidence of Higgs Boson Decay Opens New Doors for Particle Physics


Today, physicists have another exciting announcement to add to the Higgs saga: They have made the first unambiguous observation of Higgs bosons decaying into a matter-antimatter pair of bottom quarks. Surprisingly, the Higgs bosons decay most often in this way.

The new announcement shows a strong agreement between the theoretical predictions and the experimental data, which could in turn set strict constraints on ideas of more fundamental physics that strive to explain why the Higgs boson even exists.

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  There were other universes.
Posted by: letosvet - 08-25-2018, 01:51 PM - Forum: Hidden Mission Review - Replies (1)

Physicists Think They've Spotted the Ghosts of Black Holes from Another Universe


We are not living in the first universe. There were other universes, in other eons, before ours, a group of physicists has said. Like ours, these universes were full of black holes. And we can detect traces of those long-dead black holes in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) — the radiation that is a remnant of our universe's violent birth.


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  Hope I haven't screwed up
Posted by: Fsbirdhouse - 08-12-2018, 07:20 PM - Forum: Tell us about it... - Replies (20)

Every time I've tried to log in a message says I shouldn't. Facebook the same but no other forums. Anybody else had this problems? Keith, send me a message at Fsbirdhouse@yahoo.com if I should not be logging in here. Won't try again 'til I hear from you.

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  Freak When See 333m Frequency Focus on the eye in the great pyramid
Posted by: EA - 08-02-2018, 10:44 PM - Forum: The Hidden Frequencies - Replies (2)

Study reveals the Great Pyramid of Giza can
[Image: arrow.png]  focus electromagnetic energy
July 31, 2018 by Anastasia Komarova, ITMO University
An international research group has applied methods of theoretical physics to investigate the electromagnetic response of the Great Pyramid to radio waves.

Quote:Wireless telegraphy and wireless telephony an elementary treatise
A.E. Kennelly - History
Spireri of Electromagnetic W acres The speed of sound waves in air we have seen to be in the neighborhood of 333 meters per second...

Sounds like it looks
[Image: 1.5026556.figures.online.f2.jpeg]

[Image: 40-studyreveals.jpg]
Propagation of electromagnetic waves inside the pyramids of Cheops at different lengths of radio waves (from 200 to 400 meters). The black rectangular position of the so-called King's Chamber. Credit: ITMO University, Laser Zentrum Hannover

An international research group has applied methods of theoretical physics to investigate the electromagnetic response of the Great Pyramid to radio waves. Scientists predicted that under resonance conditions, the pyramid can concentrate electromagnetic energy in its internal chambers and under the base. The research group plans to use these theoretical results to design nanoparticles capable of reproducing similar effects in the optical range. Such nanoparticles may be used, for example, to develop sensors and highly efficient solar cells. The study was published in the Journal of Applied Physics.

While Egyptian pyramids are surrounded by many myths and legends, researchers have little scientifically reliable information about their physical properties. Physicists recently took an interest in how the Great Pyramid would interact with electromagnetic waves of a resonant length. Calculations showed that in the resonant state, the pyramid can concentrate electromagnetic energy in the its internal chambers as well as under its base, where the third unfinished chamber is located.

These conclusions were derived on the basis of numerical modeling and analytical methods of physics. The researchers first estimated that resonances in the pyramid can be induced by radio waves with a length ranging from 200 to 600 meters. Then they made a model of the electromagnetic response of the pyramid and calculated the extinction cross section. This value helps to estimate which part of the incident wave energy can be scattered or absorbed by the pyramid under resonant conditions. Finally, for the same conditions, the scientists obtained the electromagnetic field distribution inside the pyramid.

In order to explain the results, the scientists conducted a multipole analysis. This method is widely used in physics to study the interaction between a complex object and electromagnetic field. The object scattering the field is replaced by a set of simpler sources of radiation: multipoles. The collection of multipole radiation coincides with the field scattering by an entire object. Therefore, knowing the type of each multipole, it is possible to predict and explain the distribution and configuration of the scattered fields in the whole system.

The Great Pyramid attracted the researchers while they were studying the interaction between light and dielectric nanoparticles. The scattering of light by nanoparticles depends on their size, shape and refractive index of the source material. Varying these parameters, it is possible to determine the resonance scattering regimes and use them to develop devices for controlling light at the nanoscale.

"Egyptian pyramids have always attracted great attention. We as scientists were interested in them as well, so we decided to look at the Great Pyramid as a particle dissipating radio waves resonantly. Due to the lack of information about the physical properties of the pyramid, we had to use some assumptions. For example, we assumed that there are no unknown cavities inside, and the building material with the properties of an ordinary limestone is evenly distributed in and out of the pyramid. With these assumptions made, we obtained interesting results that can find important practical applications," says Dr. Sc. Andrey Evlyukhin, scientific supervisor and coordinator of the research.

Now, the scientists plan to use the results to reproduce similar effects at the nanoscale. "Choosing a material with suitable electromagnetic properties, we can obtain pyramidal nanoparticles with a promise for practical application in nanosensors and effective solar cells," says Polina Kapitainova, Ph.D., a member of the Faculty of Physics and Technology of ITMO University.
Explore further: Archeologists open burial chambers in Sudanese pyramid

More information: Mikhail Balezin et al, Electromagnetic properties of the Great Pyramid:  First multipole resonances and energy concentration, Journal of Applied Physics (2018). DOI: 10.1063/1.5026556

 [Image: 40-studyreveals.jpg]

[Image: aa5.jpg] Rite where we Lift-off!

Journal reference: Journal of Applied Physics [/url]
Provided by: [url=https://phys.org/partners/itmo-university/]ITMO University

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-07-reveals-gr...s.html#jCp

[Image: 1.5026556.figures.online.f1.jpg][Image: 1.5026556.figures.online.f7.jpg]
Holy electromagnetic hocus-pocus focus-locus

[Image: 1.5026556.figures.online.f2.jpg]
Focii= 333m  =Locii

[Image: pyramid_eye_money-100563584-primary.idge.jpg]

Freak when see Frequency

[Image: 1.5026556.figures.online.f5.jpg]

  I feel like eye initiated @~333

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  On air in about 30 mins...
Posted by: Keith - 07-22-2018, 03:39 PM - Forum: The Hidden Frequencies - Replies (2)

Try to tune in today at 3 pm Eastern to hear The Morningstar Report with Lunar Anomaly expert Keith Laney, as we discuss 49th anniversary of our landing on the Moon, and what was found by the Apollo astronauts and suppressed by NASA..
Keith Laney is one of the world's foremost researchers of Lunar Anomalies to be found in lunar photos taken by Apollo and Lunar Orbiter satellites.
The program starts with The Sounds of New York City News at
3 pm Eastern 2 pm Central 1 pm Mountatin 12 pm Pacific

Click the Play Arrow > for Studio A at

Revolution Radio at FreedomSlips.com
Revolution Radio at Freedomslips.com was founded in 2011

[/url][Image: safe_image.php?d=AQBG2YHCVdagm0SW&w=476&...7i-et0AA54]

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  On air in about 30 mins...
Posted by: Keith - 07-22-2018, 03:39 PM - Forum: The Hidden Frequencies - No Replies

Try to tune in today at 3 pm Eastern to hear The Morningstar Report with Lunar Anomaly expert Keith Laney, as we discuss 49th anniversary of our landing on the Moon, and what was found by the Apollo astronauts and suppressed by NASA..
Keith Laney is one of the world's foremost researchers of Lunar Anomalies to be found in lunar photos taken by Apollo and Lunar Orbiter satellites.
The program starts with The Sounds of New York City News at
3 pm Eastern 2 pm Central 1 pm Mountatin 12 pm Pacific

Click the Play Arrow > for Studio A at

Revolution Radio at FreedomSlips.com
Revolution Radio at Freedomslips.com was founded in 2011

[/url][Image: safe_image.php?d=AQBG2YHCVdagm0SW&w=476&...7i-et0AA54]

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