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Daggnabbit! Am I a hologram ? Are you too?Virtually @ Mt. Gerizim?
#1
rhymes with grumpy cat-rabbit  Arrow  Am I a hologram ? Are you too? 


Study reveals substantial evidence of holographic universe
January 30, 2017

[Image: 4-studyreveals.jpg]
A sketch of the timeline of the holographic Universe. Time runs from left to right. The far left denotes the holographic phase and the image is blurry because space and time are not yet well defined. At the end of this phase (denoted by the black fluctuating ellipse) the Universe enters a geometric phase, which can now be described by Einstein's equations. The cosmic microwave background was emitted about 375,000 years later. Patterns imprinted in it carry information about the very early Universe and seed the development of structures of stars and galaxies in the late time Universe (far right). Credit: Paul McFadden
A UK, Canadian and Italian study has provided what researchers believe is the first observational evidence that our universe could be a vast and complex hologram.


Theoretical physicists and astrophysicists, investigating irregularities in the cosmic microwave background (the 'afterglow' of the Big Bang), have found there is substantial evidence supporting a holographic explanation of the universe—in fact, as much as there is for the traditional explanation of these irregularities using the theory of cosmic inflation.
The researchers, from the University of Southampton (UK), University of Waterloo (Canada), Perimeter Institute (Canada), INFN, Lecce (Italy) and the University of Salento (Italy), have published findings in the journal Physical Review Letters.
holographic universe, an idea first suggested in the 1990s, is one where all the information that makes up our 3-D 'reality' (plus time) is contained in a 2-D surface on its boundaries.
Professor Kostas Skenderis of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Southampton explains: "Imagine that everything you see, feel and hear in three dimensions (and your perception of time) in fact emanates from a flat two-dimensional field. The idea is similar to that of ordinary holograms where a three-dimensional image is encoded in a two-dimensional surface, such as in the hologram on a credit card. However, this time, the entire universe is encoded."
Although not an example with holographic properties, it could be thought of as rather like watching a 3-D film in a cinema. We see the pictures as having height, width and crucially, depth—when in fact it all originates from a flat 2-D screen. The difference, in our 3-D universe, is that we can touch objects and the 'projection' is 'real' from our perspective.
In recent decades, advances in telescopes and sensing equipment have allowed scientists to detect a vast amount of data hidden in the 'white noise' or microwaves (partly responsible for the random black and white dots you see on an un-tuned TV) left over from the moment the universe was created. Using this information, the team were able to make complex comparisons between networks of features in the data and quantum field theory. They found that some of the simplest quantum field theories could explain nearly all cosmological observations of the early universe.
Professor Skenderis comments: "Holography is a huge leap forward in the way we think about the structure and creation of the universe. Einstein's theory of general relativity explains almost everything large scale in the universe very well, but starts to unravel when examining its origins and mechanisms at quantum level. Scientists have been working for decades to combine Einstein's theory of gravity and quantum theory. Some believe the concept of a holographic universe has the potential to reconcile the two. I hope our research takes us another step towards this."
The scientists now hope their study will open the door to further our understanding of the early universe and explain how space and time emerged.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Cosmologists a step closer to understanding quantum gravity
More information: Niayesh Afshordi et al. From Planck Data to Planck Era: Observational Tests of Holographic Cosmology, Physical Review Letters (2017). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.041301 
Journal reference: Physical Review Letters [Image: img-dot.gif] [Image: img-dot.gif]
Provided by: University of Southampton



Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-reveals-su...e.html#jCp[url=https://phys.org/news/2017-01-reveals-substantial-evidence-holographic-universe.html#jCp][/url]

Cry
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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#2
From Planck Data to Planck Era: Observational Tests of Holographic Cosmology
Niayesh Afshordi, Claudio Corianò, Luigi Delle Rose, Elizabeth Gould, and Kostas Skenderis
Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 041301 – Published 27 January 2017

ABSTRACT

We test a class of holographic models for the very early Universe against cosmological observations and find that they are competitive to the standard cold dark matter model with a cosmological constant (ΛCDM) of cosmology. These models are based on three-dimensional perturbative superrenormalizable quantum field theory (QFT), and, while they predict a different power spectrum from the standard power law used in ΛCDM, they still provide an excellent fit to the data (within their regime of validity). By comparing the Bayesian evidence for the models, we find that ΛCDM does a better job globally, while the holographic models provide a (marginally) better fit to the data without very low multipoles (i.e., l30), where the QFT becomes nonperturbative. Observations can be used to exclude some QFT models, while we also find models satisfying all phenomenological constraints: The data rule out the dual theory being a Yang-Mills theory coupled to fermions only but allow for a Yang-Mills theory coupled to nonminimal scalars with quartic interactions. Lattice simulations of 3D QFTs can provide nonperturbative predictions for large-angle statistics of the cosmic microwave background and potentially explain its apparent anomalies.

[Image: medium]Figure 1

Angular power spectrum of CMB temperature anisotropies, comparing Planck 2015 data with best fit ΛCDM(dotted blue curve) and holographic cosmology (solid red curve) models, for l30. The lower panel shows the relative residuals, where the green shaded region indicates the 68% region of Planck 2015 data.


[Image: medium]Figure 2

Plot of 1σ and 2σ regions in parameter space for holographic cosmology g and ln(β) values for WMAP (blue line, right), Planck (red line, middle), Planck with l<30values removed (green line, left), and Planck with l>700 values ignored (purple dashed line). We see that higher resolution data progressively push g to lower negative values.


[Image: medium]Figure 3

Bayesian evidence using l30 data only, where the perturbative expansion (2) can be trusted. An error is indicated by the shaded region around the lines.

  • Received 3 August 2016
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.041301
http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10....118.041301
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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#3
A new approach to 3-D holographic displays greatly improves the image quality
January 27, 2017

The potential applications of three-dimensional (3D) digital holograms are enormous. In addition to arts and entertainment, various fields including biomedical imaging, scientific visualization, engineering design, and displays could benefit from this technology. For example, creating full-sized organs for 3D analysis by doctors could be helpful, but it remained a challenge owing to the limitation of hologram-generation techniques.


A research team led by Professor YongKeun Park of the Physics Department at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) has come up with a solution and developed a 3D holographic display that performs more than 2,600 times better than existing 3D holographic displays. This study is expected to improve the limited size and viewing angle of 3D images, which were a major problem of the current holographic displays. The study was published online in Nature Photonics on January 23, 2017.
3D holograms, which often appear in science fiction films, are a familiar technology to the public, but holograms in movies are created with computer graphic effects. Methods for creating true 3D holograms are still being studied in the laboratory. For example, due to the difficulty of generating real 3D images, recent virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) devices project two different two-dimensional (2D) images onto a viewer to induce optical illusions.



To create a 3D hologram that can be viewed without special equipment such as 3D glasses, the wavefront of light must be controlled using wavefront modulators such as spatial light modulators (SLMs) and deformable mirrors (DMs). A wavefront modulator is an optical manipulation device that can control the direction of light propagation.
However, the biggest limitation to using these modulators as 3D displays is the number of pixels. The large number of pixels that are packed into high-resolution displays developed in recent years are suitable for a 2D image, and the amount of information contained in those pixels cannot produce a 3D image. For this reason, a 3D image that can be made with existing wavefront modulator technology is 1 cm in size with a narrow viewing angle of 3 degrees, which is far from practicable.
As an alternative, KAIST researchers used a DM and added two successive holographic diffusers to scatter light. By scattering light in many directions, this allows for a wider viewing angle and larger image, but results in volume speckle fields, which are caused by the interference of multiple scattered light. Random volume speckle fields cannot be used to display 3D images.
To fix the problem, the researchers employed a wavefront-shaping technique to control the fields. As a result, they succeeded in producing an enhanced 3D holographic image with a viewing angle of 35 degrees in a volume of 2 cm in length, width, and height. This yielded a performance that was about 2,600 times stronger than the original image definition generated when they used a DM without a diffuser.
Professor Park said, "Scattering light has previously been believed to interfere with the recognition of objects, but we have demonstrated that current 3D displays can be improved significantly with an increased viewing angle and image size by properly controlling the scattered light."
Hyeonseung Yu, who is the lead author of this research article and a doctoral candidate in the Department of Physics, KAIST, noted that this technology signals a good start to develop a practical model for dynamic 3D hologram displays that can be enjoyed without the need for special eyeglasses. "This approach can also be applied to AR and VR technology to enhance the image resolution and viewing angles," added Yu.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Researchers develop projection-type holographic 3-D display technology
More information: Hyeonseung Yu et al, Ultrahigh-definition dynamic 3D holographic display by active control of volume speckle fields, Nature Photonics (2017). DOI: 10.1038/NPHOTON.2016.272 
Journal reference: Nature Photonics [Image: img-dot.gif] [Image: img-dot.gif]
Provided by: The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)



Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-approach-d...e.html#jCp[url=https://phys.org/news/2017-01-approach-d-holographic-greatly-image.html#jCp][/url]
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#4
So does this mean we live in a "Virtual World"?........with all the metaphysical questions this may entail.
Just saying.
Reply
#5
...

Quote:Professor Kostas Skenderis of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Southampton explains: 
"Imagine that everything you see, feel and hear in three dimensions
 (and your perception of time) 
in fact emanates from a flat two-dimensional field.


xyz:

Quote:So does this mean we live in a "Virtual World"?........with all the metaphysical questions this may entail.
Just saying.



I think it means that you still bleed and feel pain when fatally injured,
be that in:

2D  Slap2  

or 

3D   Gangup    

 or 

4-5-6-7-8-9  D Hi   Band  Hi


ie

That is not "virtual" fear, ... pain and blood Whip
when 
you scream in terror and bleed like a stuck pig from the cannibal Sheep  pygmy hunt. 


The holographic arthritis in my right thumb joint can be a real pain in my 3D day to day.

...
Reply
#6
So a holographic world with holographic God and holographic canuck that has to used foul language, is your foul language holographic too? May I smack you holographically as well?
Seek and ye shall find. JESUS
------------------------------------------
I am a recovering vegetarian   Hi
Reply
#7
Yes, but is it all in the "Mind"?

Things that make you go Hmmmmmmm...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XF2ayWcJ...F2ayWcJfxo
Reply
#8
This entire "holographic Universe" thing is a load of crap. Existence exists and what is outside of existence, where the holograph is projected from, does NOT exist. It's that simple.
Lines join in faint discord and the Stormwatch brews a concert of kings as the white sea snaps at the heels of a soft prayer whispered.
Reply
#9
(01-31-2017, 11:37 AM)Mayito7777 Wrote: So a holographic world with holographic God and holographic canuck that has to used foul language, is your foul language holographic too? May I smack you holographically as well?

Thatz smack-talkin' heh!

funny.

Daggnabbit! eye needed sum-thing to rhyme with Hologram... Daggnabbit ain't it. Naughty 

[Image: article-2460549-18BFE5E500000578-220_634x419.jpg]


Fowl Language. youareaduck  [Image: 878342]

[Image: grumpy-cat-easter-cake-396x550.jpg]Rhymes with Daggnabbit!Am I a hologram ? Are you too?. Doh

Naughty that just doesn't quite sound right as a soundbite.
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#10
More

I was a @HoloLens hologram once. It was awful. http://grumpy.cat/GCHoloLens 
[Image: CcfNxIhUAAA2TmH.jpg] heh! improv eyes.
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#11
I think you are holographically out of your meds, so I am sending you a holographic nurse to take care of your meds. Holographic nutcase. Can a hologram call another hologram crazy? Maybe we all are crazy holographically speaking, what the heck I know, I am just a foreign hologram made in China.
Seek and ye shall find. JESUS
------------------------------------------
I am a recovering vegetarian   Hi
Reply
#12
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#13
Great book
I read years go .

Sheep

https://www.amazon.com/Holographic-Unive...0062014102

"Awake-up call to wonder, an adventure in ideas." —Larry Dossey,M.D., author of Space, Time & Medicine

Now witha new foreword by Lynn McTaggart, author of TheField, Michael Talbot’s classic treatise on the latest frontiers of physicsreveals a revolutionary theory of reality, explaining the paranormal abilitiesof the mind, the unsolved riddles of brain and body, and the true nature of theuniverse. Lyall Watson, author of Supernature,calls The Holographic Universe “elegant,” writing, “[Talbot] helps tobridge the artificial gap that has opened up between mind and matter, betweenus and the rest of the cosmos.”

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMBt_yfGKpU
The Holographic Universe (Part One)
Never invite a Yoda to a frog leg dinner.
Go ahead invite Yoda to a Frog leg dinner
Reply
#14
Thanx for that vid link Wook.



rhymes with grumpy cat-rabbit  [Image: arrow.png]  Am I a hologram ? Are you too? 
[Image: photo-2.jpg]
A Daggnabbit pondering itz existence... eh? No?

Electron holography of individual proteins
January 26, 2017

[Image: electronholo.jpg]
A holographic image of a single protein: The image of the protein albumin (centre) is calculated from the hologram (left). In principle, it is as if one traced the waves generated by a stone thrown into water in order to reconstruct the shape of the stone. As a comparison with a simulation of electron density shows, the holographic representation reproduces the global structure of the protein very accurately. Credit: Jean-Nicolas Longchamp / University of Zurich
Proteins are the tools of life. In future, scientists may be able to examine single molecules with an especially gentle method to determine how they are constructed, how they perform their functions in cells, and how they interact with potential drugs. This is possible thanks to holograms of proteins that, for the first time, have produced using very slow electrons by scientists at the University of Zurich and the Max Planck Institute for So lid State Research in Stuttgart.



Knowing the structure of proteins is of interest not only to biologists who want to understand how an organism works but also to doctors and pharmacologists who need to know how proteins are constructed, how they interact with other proteins and smaller molecules, and how those binding sites change as the protein performs its functions. With this knowledge, researchers can develop medical drugs that interact with the protein machinery when it breaks down and we fall ill.
The ability to image single proteins could be extremely useful: common methods such as X-ray structure analysis and cryo-electron microscopy require crystals of the biomolecules or a large amount of a protein. A shortfall of these methods is that crystals of many proteins are impossible to grow. Moreover, due to the averaging, the techniques often fail to detect differences between various conformations, i.e. structural variants, of the biomolecule. Yet it is precisely these variations that are important in the search for new drugs, as proteins assume various conformations when they perform their functions.
The original idea of holography is now reality
"We have now imaged single proteins for the first time," says Hans-Werner Fink, professor at the University of Zurich and head of the experiment. "This was achieved by combining two methods that are unique in the scientific world: electron holography and electrospray ion beam deposition, which allows samples to be prepared very gently." Using this combination, the researchers have generated holograms of cytochrome C, albumin and haemoglobin. As the structures of these proteins are already known, the researchers were able to use them to confirm the accuracy and usefulness of the holograms.
For electron holography, the researchers in Hans-Werner Fink's Zurich-based group have developed an innovative microscope that exploits the wave properties of electrons. The microscope radiates low-energy electrons through a protein and superimposes the scattered electrons with the part of the electron beam that has not interacted with the protein. The resulting interference pattern, which can be recorded by the microscope, forms a hologram similar to those obtained by optical holography. "Because the electrons have very little energy, there is very little radiation damage, even if we image a protein for hours, unlike with other structural analysis methods," explains Hans-Werner Fink.

With the electron holography microscope, the physicist has realized Dennis Gábor's original idea. When the Hungarian-British engineer invented holography in 1947, he actually had an improved electron microscope in mind. However, at the time there were no suitable electron sources, so that, following the invention of the laser, this new principle of optical imaging could only be put into practice with light. Dennis Gábor received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1971. "After the invention of an ultra-sharp electron point source, which emits electrons with similar properties as a laser light, we finally realized Dennis Gábor's brilliant idea with electron waves," says Hans-Werner Fink.
[Image: 1-electronholo.jpg]
Diagram showing the electron holography of single proteins: A metal tip whose end tapers to just a few atoms emits a beam of relatively slow, i.e., low-energy electrons. Part of the beam is scattered by the protein on a graphene carrier. The scattered part of the beam then generates an interference pattern with the non-scattered part − the hologram – which is recorded. Credit: Tatiana Latychevskaia /University of Zurich
The gaseous protein is gently placed on graphene
However, to image single proteins with electron holography, the Swiss researchers still needed a carrier material for the proteins that is transparent to electron waves as well as a method to place biomolecules on it without causing damage. Graphene proved to be the most suitable material for the carrier. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research found the best solution for depositing proteins on the sheets made up of carbon layers: electrospray ion beam deposition, which was developed by a team headed by Stephan Rauschenbach in Klaus Kern's department. The researchers expose the protein solution to a high electrical voltage so that the liquid is highly charged. Electrical repulsion then causes the liquid to atomize into a fine mist. When the mist droplets are exposed to a vacuum, the liquid evaporates and the dissolved constituents, i.e. proteins and impurities, remain behind as gases. A mass spectrometer then sorts the proteins according to their mass-to-charge ratios and also separates out impurities.
"Our method makes it possible to transfer single biological molecules into the vacuum and deposit them on a surface so gently that their fragile three-dimensional folded protein structure is preserved," says Stephan Rauschenbach. "Thanks to preparative mass spectrometry, we also prevent contamination of the graphene samples with other molecules, which is crucial for the quality of the holographic image." Mass spectrometry also makes it possible to separate protein mixtures or pure proteins from complexes with binding partners.
Information on the assembly of subunits
Once Stephan Rauschenbach and his colleagues have deposited the proteins on the graphene substrates in Stuttgart, the samples have to be transported to Zurich, where the electron holographic microscope is located. The samples must arrive in an uncontaminated state, meaning that no other molecules can be allowed to settle on the graphene. To transport the samples to Switzerland, the researchers have developed a case in which an ultra-high vacuum prevails, as in the apparatus itself.
Thanks not least to the meticulous care and cleanliness observed during the preparation and transport of the samples, electron holograms already achieve a resolution of less than one nanometre. "This allows us to investigate how the individual subunits of large protein complexes are assembled," Stephan Rauschenbach says. The first holograms of single proteins also provide information about their three-dimensional structure.
"However, to accurately image protein structures at the atomic level, we still have to improve the resolution somewhat," explains Klaus Kern. ", there are no physical obstacles preventing this." The Zurich- and Stuttgart-based scientists now plan to construct a microscope in which the vibrations of proteins are suppressed by cooling the samples to around minus 200 degrees Celsius. In addition, a unique precision laboratory has recently been constructed at the Max Planck Institute in Stuttgart, which offers perfect conditions for highly sensitive measurements such as holography. This laboratory was built on the initiative of Klaus Kern and is currently the gold standard for a low-vibration measuring environment. As soon as the electron holography microscope has been optimized, biomedical scientists can use this new instrument to study the intricacies of how the tools of life function.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Milestone single-biomolecule imaging technique may advance drug design
More information: Jean-Nicolas Longchamp et al. Imaging proteins at the single-molecule level, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1614519114 
Journal reference: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences [Image: img-dot.gif] [Image: img-dot.gif]
Provided by: Max Planck Society



Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-electron-h...s.html#jCp

[Image: photo-1.jpg]
A Daggnabbit pandering itz egg sit stance... Ah? Yes?

What a maddeningly funny kitty- bunny.


rhymes with grumpy cat-rabbit  [Image: arrow.png]  Am I a hologram ? Are you too? 



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Otra información


Reply
#15
I heard somewhere that China's 'city in the clouds' events were just holographic projections . . .
e4e5Qh5Ke7Qe5#
Reply
#16
I don't recall that one slidika...
Got a hyperlink or an article.

I heard somewhere that rhymes with grumpy cat-rabbit  [Image: arrow.png]  Am I a hologram ? Are you too?
Quantum holograms as atomic scale memory keepsake
October 21, 2014
[Image: 2materials.jpg]

[Image: quantumholog.jpg]
Russian scientists have developed a theoretical model of quantum memory for light, adapting the concept of a hologram to a quantum system. These findings from Anton Vetlugin and Ivan Sokolov from St. Petersburg State University in Russia are published in a study in the European Physical Journal D.


[Image: 5addingearscollage.jpg]
The authors demonstrate for the first time that it is theoretically possible to retrieve, on demand, a given portion of the stored quantised light signal of a holographic image – set in a given direction in a given position in time sequence. This is done by shaping the control field both in space and time. The ultimate goal is to introduce into quantum holograms the ability not only to store quantum signals but also to perform transformations of their quantum states – an approach useful for quantum communication and computation.
Quantum memory differs from conventional memory currently used in computers in its ability to write in and retrieve signals preserving their quantum state. Holograms are well-known classical memory devices that allow optical images to be written and retrieved. The authors of this study have previously suggested solving the problem of quantum memory for light by extending the idea of a classical hologram to a quantum domain. The hologram is written on a medium able to store quantum superposition – and not just the intensity of light beam as traditional holograms are.
The readout of both classical and quantum holograms is performed by the illumination of the medium with an external light pulse. It is referred to as the control field and is scattered on the internal structure of the hologram. To do so, the authors apply common theoretical methods of quantum optics, including quantum description of cold atoms that compose the storage medium, as well as quantum theory of light propagation and interaction with the medium.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: D-Wave and predecessors: From simulated to quantum annealing
More information: Vetlugin, A.N. and Sokolov, I.V. (2014). Addressable parallel cavity-based quantum memory. European Physical Journal DDOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2014-50185-4 
Journal reference: European Physical Journal D [Image: img-dot.gif] [Image: img-dot.gif]
Provided by: Springer

[Image: 1header.jpg]Rhymes with Daggnabbit!Am I a hologram ? Are you too?. [Image: doh.gif] 

[Image: naughty.gif] that just doesn't quite sound right as a soundbite. goddamn! goodiebites sound gooder.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2014-10-quantum-ho...y.html#jCp[url=https://phys.org/news/2014-10-quantum-holograms-atomic-scale-memory.html#jCp][/url]
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#17
[Image: CcfNxIhUAAA2TmH.jpg] heh! improv eyes.

[Image: 19990421_pid3248_aid3245_sundial_w400.jpg]
Two worlds are sharing in this proof of concept
February 5, 2017 by Nancy Owano

[Image: 5897004cee91d.jpg]
(Tech Xplore)—Nice going: 

A video from Drew Gottlieb, a software developer studying at the Rochester Institute of Technology, is sparking off a lot of what-if imagination. 

Magic as Substrate:1947 was a good vintage...what's next?

The video is titled "Shared Reality:
Vive + HoloLenses = Magic" That it is.

He said the video is about "A functional prototype showing how it feel would if HoloLenses could participate in virtual reality sessions within the same space."

He blogged about his combination of mixed reality and virtual reality too.
"Virtual reality is a pretty magical experience when it comes to making art," he said. "However, if you have friends in the room watching you, the magic is lost on them. They can only see the experience by looking at a distorted preview of the player's perspective on a computer monitor."
Gottlieb thought maybe he could find an alternative. "Why do I have to get up off the couch to see what my friend is creating? Why can't I just lean back and see the art floating in the middle of the room?"
Until recently, such magic would have been impossible until Microsoft released development kits of their new mixed-reality HoloLens glasses, he wrote. "I'm fortunate to have access a couple units, and I really wanted to use mixed reality to share in a VR experience."
He proceeded to make a proof of concept to feel that out. It involves the HTC Vive, a VR system that includes two positionally-tracked controllers, he blogged. His app involves the VR player using a controller to draw cubes in the air.

[Image: 2259695560_1439a11b9d_m.jpg]
Lesson to be learned: MSPoweruser item said "The Microsoft HoloLens is all about mixed reality while the HTC Vive is the leading virtual reality headset, but it does not mean they can't take part in a shared reality."

[Image: 2259695600_fa0bac062c_m.jpg]


"The interesting part is that when the same app runs on a HoloLens, it automatically connects to the VR session using Unity's built-in networking and matchmaking service," said Gottlieb.

He said the challenge was not only getting the Vive and HoloLens to talk to each other, but to bring them to a shared understanding of space. And just how to pull that off?


Gottlieb explained.
"When the HoloLens app connects to the VR app, the game enters 'alignment mode'. 


[Image: 2522018934_bddcbdc358_z.jpg?zz=1]

The HoloLens speaks, prompting the wearer to pick up one of the Vive controllers and intersect it with a floating 'ghost' controller. 

[Image: 2202306925_67921cd5d9_z.jpg?zz=1]

Once the real and holographic controllers are aligned, the wearer pulls the trigger and the voice proudly announces, 
[Image: 2149335142_949a14397d_b.jpg]

'You are now aligned.'"

[Image: 1243859062_b6170b1322_b.jpg]

Gottlieb said he had no doubt this kind of mixed space will be a part of the future, "especially for creative industries. As virtual and mixed reality become stronger platforms for content creation, it's only inevitable that they'll be able to be interact on a whim."
Looking at his work, Andrew Dalton in Engadget said Gottlieb connected the Vive and the HoloLens over Unity's networking service. "Once the HoloLens was calibrated to track the Vive controller, the two worlds becamesynchronized."
For those who have Vive and a HoloLens, the project can be tried out. The source code is from GitHub.
Matthew Humphries, a PCMag editor and freelance video game designer, noted that this is just a proof of concept and therefore very simple.
Humphries added, though, that it shows potential for virtual and mixed reality to work together and create a collaborative environment. He wrote, "imagine this system scaled up to automatically detect an entire room, supports multiple VR and HoloLens headsets, and gives them all tracked controllers to hold. There's a huge range of potential applications from entertainment right through to engineering and information sharing."



https://techxplore.com/news/2017-02-worl...ncept.html


This hysterical caracal cat-rabbit looks virtually the same as a Daggnabbit!!!

[Image: 23648256152_a16d168e80.jpg]

(02-02-2017, 03:11 PM)Mayito7777 Wrote: I think you are holographically out of your meds, so I am sending you a holographic nurse to take care of your meds. Holographic nutcase. Can a hologram call another hologram crazy? Maybe we all are crazy holographically speaking, what the heck I know, I am just a foreign hologram made in China.

[Image: 31913953333_9f6a9b80f5_b.jpg]  Rhymes with not really all there... Arrow

A Virtuous Daggnabbit at Itz tipping point.
 "imagine this system scaled up to automatically detect an entire room,
[Image: msg7VO7P7uEUtDmJzFF6HA90167]
Worth itz cubic metric weight in gold an empty hollow gram = zilch @ ma'at
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#18
Daggnabbit now the:
French presidential campaign goes high-tech with hologram rally
AFPFebruary 5, 2017


[Image: 06ce69f04f1821ef296d33244a86e0f4ddf64219.jpg]
People sit near an hologram of French presidential election candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon © during a campaign meeting on February 5, 2017 in La Plaine Saint Denis, northern Paris (AFP Photo/Thomas SAMSON)

Paris (AFP) - French far-left candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon appeared to supporters by hologram on Sunday in a technological first for a presidential campaign in France.

Melenchon was speaking in person in the central city of Lyon, but with a click of his fingers, he also appeared to 6,000 supporters in a concert hall 450 kilometres (280 miles) away in Paris.

[Image: bcd79116c121436902791c4b3582e8ec4ce7b725.jpg]
The screen broadcasting the speech of French presidential election candidate for the far-left coalition Jean-Luc Melenchon is pictured during his public meeting, on February 5, 2017, in Chassieu, near Lyon (AFP Photo/JEAN-PHILIPPE KSIAZEK)

Despite a slightly muffled voice, the appearance passed off without a technical hitch.

Many in the crowd in the capital clapped and rose to their feet to take pictures with their phones as the hologram of the candidate strode back and forth in jeans and grey tunic as he gave a typically fiery address for over an hour.
Lyon, where he made his physical appearance, was also the weekend launch pad for the campaigns of far-right leader Marine Le Pen and fast-rising centrist Emmanuel Macron, who also drew thousands of supporters.
Melenchon came in fourth in the 2012 election behind his arch-nemesis Le Pen.
Backed by the Communist party, the 65-year-old wants to dump France's presidential system for a parliamentary system and renegotiate EU treaties, and has bashed the outgoing Socialist government for pushing labour market reforms through parliament last year despite protests.
He reserved particular scorn for Macron, a former investment banker who as economy minister helped pilot the reforms designed to make it easier to hire and fire workers.
"Macron has ruined the lives of thousands of people," Melenchon said.
Benoit Hamon, the radical leftwinger who the Socialists have chosen as their candidate, has appealed to Melenchon to join forces with him in a bid to pool their votes and avoid a humiliating exit for the Socialist in the first round of the election in April.
Pierre Vila, a 49-year-old Melenchon supporter at the Paris hologram rally, said he was opposed to such an alliance.
"I no longer have any confidence in the Socialist Party," he told AFP.

https://www.yahoo.com/tech/french-presid...55575.html
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#19
Quote:EA:  Got a hyperlink or an article.

No, sorry.  Did not make any special note of it.  I think the 'cloud city' is either a reflection of some kind or a projection -- nothing special . . .
e4e5Qh5Ke7Qe5#
Reply
#20
Thanx slid...so in a sense Eye Smell an Optic topic and Feel itza Sounds like Vintage Vino Vimana?

[Image: VIMANAS_of_INDIA__20824.jpg]

That explains Vimanas... Slidika,that was insightful.


Hallow Gram/ Hologram

[Image: 10-commandments-stone-260x296.jpg]

The 10 Commandments stone omits the command to not take the Lord’s name in vain (Exodus 20:7; Deuteronomy 5:11) and includes instead a charge to build a temple on Mt. Gerizim.
Quote:Mayito7777 Wrote: [/url]So a holographic world with holographic God and holographic canuck that has to used foul language,  Arrow God damn it !!! is your foul language Arrow  God damn it !!! holographic too? May I smack you holographically as well?


is your foul language holographic too?
[Image: 10-Commandments-Heritage-Aucitons-Blog-F...mage-1.png]
Auction Action Actually is scribed in stone.
God damn it !!! 7777 you wouldn't recognize An Act of a Good Samaritan if you were in one  ---such as you are.
freely improv says to you:

For Profit $ee ? / Fore Prophecy / For Profess See?
A 10 Commandments stone tablet—believed by some to be the oldest stone copy of the 10 Commandments—was sold at an auction in November 2016 for $850,000. Photo: Courtesy Heritage Auctions/HA.com.
Planck Scale of All Ma'at @ that metrics.
It weighs a Hallow Gram.


Sold! Earliest Surviving 10 Commandments Stone
10 Commandments stone reflects Samaritan beliefs

[url=http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/author/msauterbib-arch-org/]Megan Sauter
  •  02/08/2017

An early copy of the 10 Commandments sold for $850,000 last November.
Dated by some to c. 300–500 C.E., this marble tablet may be the oldest stone copy of the 10 Commandments—even though it displays only nine of the traditional 10 Commandments from Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5.1 The 10 Commandments stone omits the command to not take the Lord’s name in vain (Exodus 20:7; Deuteronomy 5:11) and includes instead a charge to build a temple on Mt. Gerizim

[Image: 83443e77016a5164e0c61545b99244ed.jpg]
Although this addition is likely unfamiliar to many Christians and Jews, it reflects the particular religious beliefs of the Samaritans
[Image: 10-commandments-stone-260x296.jpg]
The tablet, which is written in the Samaritan script, likely adorned a Samaritan synagogue.

About 115 pounds and 2 feet tall, the 10 Commandments stone entered the collection of the Living Torah Museum in Brooklyn, New York, in 2005. According to the museum’s founder, Rabbi Shaul Deutsch, the tablet was first discovered in Yavneh (near Tel Aviv in modern Israel) during the construction of the Palestine-Egypt railway in 1913.

The Living Torah Museum auctioned the 10 Commandments stone last November with an opening bid of $250,000. It sold for more than three times that amount.
Although the purchaser of the 10 Commandments stone does not wish to be identified at this time, there is no fear that this piece will become lost in a private collection. 

A stipulation in the original export agreement with the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) mandates that the tablet be put on public display, which means that soon this piece will be accessible to the public once more.

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily...nts-stone/




...unit scale ways in Hologram  Planck Length Hallow Gram weighs in scale unit... 
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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#21
Well EA after giving it some thought you may be right, there are couple of places in the Bible, maybe more where is mentioned like in the case of Stephen and I quote

Acts 7:54-56
54 When they heard these things they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed at him with their teeth. 55 But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, "gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God", 56 and said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!”

He saw Heaven, so some how the veil that separates Earth and Heaven was lifted so Stephen could see Heaven and Christ and the Glory of God

Another person also who mentioned similar vision was Moody the evangelist when in his death bed was telling his son how the canvas of this word was been pulled away and Heaven was revealed before him, he was telling this to his son right before he died.

In the Old Testament there are other visions of the Temple of God etc.
Seek and ye shall find. JESUS
------------------------------------------
I am a recovering vegetarian   Hi
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#22
Although the concept of a holographic universe might give you the " Jitters " LilD
Here's a TWIST in the plot Mayito...

Experiment probes nature of space and time

Scientists listen for 'holographic noise' at the universe's smallest scale
[Image: 20160404_Holometer_Main.jpg]
By Carla Reiter
Photo by Reidar Hahn/Fermi National Laboratory

For the past year at Fermilab, an instrument called the Holometer has been probing the fundamental nature of space. The experiment uses an array of lasers and mirrors to try and answer the question, “If you look at the infinitesimally small scale, is space smooth and unbroken—the way we experience it in everyday life—or is it pixelated like the image on a TV screen?”
Recent initial results are homing in on an answer. Either way, the outcome will have important consequences for physical theory. It may even help address one of the most nagging problems in physics: how to reconcile Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity with quantum mechanics.
The Holometer is an anomaly—an experiment in a scientific territory in which there are no other experiments. Craig Hogan, professor of astronomy and physics at UChicago and head of Fermilab’s Center for Particle Astrophysics, envisioned the Holometer as a way to probe the zone where quantum mechanics and general relativity might come together.
General relativity describes space-time and gravitation in the large-scale world we inhabit. It makes definite predictions. Quantum mechanics describes the world at the atomic and sub-atomic scale, which is not continuous but granular, or quantized. It deals in probabilities, uncertainties, and there is a limit to the amount of information that can be had about anything being observed. It has other stranger qualities as well, such as the fact that distant parts of a quantum system can be influenced by each other—a phenomenon that Einstein pejoratively dismissed as “spooky action at a distance.”
Quote:
 In a way, for me, this thing has already succeeded exactly as we hoped, because it’s guiding theory.” 
—Prof. Craig Hogan
Head of Fermilab’s Center for Particle Astrophysics
Each theory works beautifully in its own realm, but scientists have not discovered a theory of quantum gravity that unites the two. And yet, at an incredibly tiny scale called the Planck length—about 10-35 meters—“We know that gravity runs into quantum mechanics, no matter what you do,” says Hogan.
The problem is getting from one scale to the other. In the canonical way of doing science, theory makes predictions, experiments test those predictions, and experimental results inform the next iteration of theory. But in the domain of quantum gravity, there is no experimental evidence at all. In fact, there is no real theory—only competing models.
“Many of these ideas are great ideas,” says Hogan. “It’s just that people don’t know which ones apply to reality. And there’s no experiment to guide them.”
That’s where the Holometer comes in. Its mission is to look for “holographic noise”—an effect of quantum uncertainty in our 3D universe. Hogan’s idea is that if space itself were quantized at the Planck scale, our apparently continuous space could emerge from it in much the same way that fluid, apparently continuous air emerges from the bouncing around of discrete molecules. But some of the strange quantum behavior should “leak out” from the Planck domain into our large-scale world. And that leakage is what the Holometer is designed to detect. It is exploring and measuring space at the Planck scale—something that has never been done before.

The search for quantum jitter
Measurable holographic noise could take a couple of different forms—quantum jitter or purely rotational quantum twists of space. Recently, the Holometer definitively eliminated the first possibility: There is no quantum jitter in space. News media around the world reported that the finding means there is “no evidence that the universe is a hologram,”but Hogan says the work’s broader significance is the window it opens into phenomena at the Planck scale.
“That’s an important result,” Hogan says. “It sets a limit on something nature could have been doing. The other part of the news is that we have this technique now that works.”
The technique involves a version of a tool used in physics since 1887: a Michelson interferometer, named for the former UChicago physicist and Nobel laureate Albert A. Michelson. Actually, the experiment isn’t one interferometer but two identical instruments set close together. Each comprises two perpendicular 40-meter arms, each with a mirror at the end, that intersect at a beam-splitting mirror. Laser light sent through the beam splitter splits, half going down one arm and half down the other. Both beams are reflected back through the beam splitter, where they recombine, or interfere.
If there had been a quantum jitter in space at the Planck scale, the relative positions of the mirrors would have shifted ever so slightly, and the jitter would have shown up as a tiny offset in the interference pattern.
Using two instruments that share the same slice of space-time makes it possible for the scientists to exploit the quantum mechanical phenomenon of correlation to help them tease out any sign of jitter. ”If you have two interferometers next to each other, the space in one is correlated with the other,” says Hogan. “So if one moves, the other moves with it even if there’s no physical connection.” The two instruments are shielded from ambient sources of jiggle and isolated from one another so that no light can move between them.
“They really had to be independent systems,” says Stephan Meyer, professor in astronomy and astrophysics and physics who designed most of the Holometer’s electronic and mechanical systems. “If you have two devices and all of the jiggling that they would normally do is not related, you can use a mathematical technique that sniffs out the part where they move together.”
Unique experiment guiding theory
The amount of movement is unimaginably tiny—almost a billion times smaller than an atom. Through an iterative process of multiplication and averaging, the minute shared signal from the Planck domain rises up through the data as the mundane noise from other sources averages away.
That the Holometer exists at all is remarkable. The physical space and technical systems required to build and house it don’t exist on a university campus. “I don’t think we could have done it anywhere but Fermilab,” says Hogan. Equally important, the theoretical question it explores, while potentially important, is “off to the side” of the current mainstream, he says. And it is risky. “You have to be in an unusual environment to enable that,” he says. Meyer agrees. “It requires a special place,” he says. “Chicago has departments that are extremely broad-minded, and it’s that open-mindedness that makes it possible to try these things.”
The Holometer has ruled out one source of holographic noise. But even though space doesn’t jitter, it remains possible that it twists. So the next step is to reconfigure the apparatus into a different shape so that it can look for rotational movement. “I really want to know the answer to whether the universe has quantum twists or not,” says Hogan.
But he’s encouraged by the project’s findings so far. “In a way, for me, this thing has already succeeded exactly as we hoped, because it’s guiding theory. We didn’t find jitter, so it’s the other possibility, if at all. So it worked; it’s constraining the range of possibilities.”
Originally published on April 18, 2016.
http://www.uchicago.edu/features/experim..._and_time/







Quote:7777:

"Well EA after giving it some thought you may be right, there are couple of places in the Bible, maybe more where is mentioned..."


Speaking of the Holographic Universe Bible, Mayito recall:

Not all BIBLES are the same. Naughty as far as Translations go...

0334_bible_devil_christian_ani

So I Found A New One That you Might Appreciate.

Existing Translations

 There are more than a dozen major translations of the Bible that have been published since the 1980s. They roughly fall into three broad categories in terms of the markets to which they appeal.
The New Revised Standard Version (NRSV 1993) is clearly the translation of choice within the academic world with others occupying niches within this market including the Revised English Bible (REB 1989, formerly New English Bible) and the two Roman Catholic translations, the New Jerusalem Bible (NJB 1985) and the New American Bible (1970).
Among evangelical Christians and the broader mass market of Bible readers, the New International Version (NIV 1985) is the best-selling Bible of our time, with over 200 million copies in print. Similarly appealing to this more conservative market are New American Standard Bible (NASBU 1995, updated) and the New King James Version (NKJV 1988). More recently the English Standard Version (2001) has attempted to take second place after the NIV among evangelical Christians and seems to be in ascendency. As mass market Bibles for the general public the two that have been the most successful are the Contemporary English Version (CEV 1995); Good News Bible (GNB 1992, formerly Today’s English Version).
Translations of the Jewish Scriptures (Hebrew Bible) have been more limited, due to a smaller market, but the Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures produced by the Jewish Publication Society (JPS 1999, updated) has been a commercial success. Everett Fox, who is working on a translation of the entire Hebrew Bible, published his The Five Books of Moses in 1995 (Schocken) and Robert Alter followed in 2004 with his own Five Books of Moses: A Translation with Commentary (Norton). The approach of Fox and Alter and has some parallels to the TEB, particularly in its attention to the flow and rhythm of the Hebrew text, but it lacks most of the “transparent” features of the TEBas explained in the following detailed discussion and is not aimed at the wider Christian market.
The Transparent English Bible is completely distinct from any of these major translations in its unique ability to appeal to all three of these readerships.
Quote:Exactitude and Precision

NIV: “God called the light “day” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day.”
NRSV: “God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.”
  • TEB: “And ELOHIM called to the light ‘day,’ and to the darkness he called ‘night.’ And it was evening and it was morning—day one.” (1:4)


In Hebrew something is named by literally “calling to” it or “calling toward” it, as if the name is being verbally thrown out at the object of the naming. One speaks “toward” another (see 3:1-4 and the verbal exchange between the woman and the “snake”). Further, in listing the seven days of creation only the first day is designated with a cardinal number (“day one,”) while the rest are all ordinals: “second day,” “third day,” etc. The TEB takes pains to be precise and exact in every case, allowing the reader to judge whether such differences are significant to the meaning of the text.


Click Here:

Holycowsmile
A New Review: The Transparent English Bible
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#23
I checked it out, more close to the original languages than other versions, looking forward to see their work.
Seek and ye shall find. JESUS
------------------------------------------
I am a recovering vegetarian   Hi
Reply
#24
[Image: SacredMushroom-Hodder-ds.jpg]
Reply
#25
Electrically tunable metasurfaces pave the way toward dynamic holograms
March 2, 2017 by Lisa Zyga feature

[Image: electrically.jpg]
A new metasurface composed of silicon nanodisks integrated into a liquid crystal can be electrically tuned by turning a voltage “on” and “off.” The change in voltage changes the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules, which in turn changes the optical transmission of the metasurface. Credit: Komar et al. Published by AIP Publishing
(Phys.org)—Dynamic holograms allow three-dimensional images to change over time like a movie, but so far these holograms are still being developed. The development of dynamic holograms may now get a boost from recent research on optical metasurfaces, a type of photonic surface with tunable optical properties.


In a new study published in Applied Physics Letters, a team of scientists at The Australian National University in Canberra, Australia; Friedrich Schiller University Jena in Jena, Germany; and Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, US, has demonstrated a new way to tune optical metasurfaces.
A metasurface is a thin sheet consisting of a periodic array of nanoscale elements. The exact dimensions of these elements is critical, since they are specifically designed to manipulate certain wavelengths of light in particular ways that enhance their electric and magnetic properties.
Here, the scientists demonstrated how to manipulate a metasurface by applying an electrical voltage. By switching the control voltage "on" and "off," the researchers could change the optical transmission of the metasurface. For instance, they could tune the transmission from opaque to the transparent regime for certain wavelengths, achieving a transmittance change of up to 75%. The voltage switch could also change the phase of certain wavelengths by up to 180°.
"We demonstrate a new technology platform that enables tuning of optical metasurfaces with large contrast by simple application of a voltage," Dragomir Neshev, a physics professor at The Australian National University, told Phys.org. "From an application perspective, it adds to the significance that our tuning concept is based on a similar technology as used in commercial liquid crystal displays, which would largely facilitate the translation of our concept to real-world applications of tunable metasurfaces."
The way this tuning works is that the voltage physically changes the elements of the metasurface. The metasurface is made of a square lattice of 600-nm-diameter silicon nanodisks embedded into a liquid crystal. When the voltage is "off," the elongated molecules of the liquid crystal lie parallel to the metasurface. Turning the voltage "on" reorients the liquid crystal molecules so that they stand up perpendicular to the metasurface. Light waves interact with the metasurface differently depending on the orientation of the liquid crystal.
While other methods of metasurface tuning have been suggested, these have various drawbacks, such as that they work slowly and require assistance that makes them impractical for immediate applications. Since the new electrically tunable metasurface works quickly and simply, the researchers expect that the method could have a wide variety of applications, including dynamic holograms, tunable imaging, and active beam steering.
"Regarding a long-term vision or inspiration for the development of dynamic holographic devices, we can watch almost any science fiction movie," Neshev said. "Most of them feature holographic man-machine interaction devices for visualization and communication purposes, where the hologram moves and changes in time based on user input.
"While we are still far from this goal, a realistic medium-term application of our metasurfaces are tunable lenses for laser microscopy applications and beam shapers with enhanced functionalities, such as polarization selective response. Active beam steering or beam shaping could be applied in communications or as components in optical laboratory setups."
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: High-efficiency color holograms created using a metasurface made of nanoblocks
More information: Andrei Komar et al. "Electrically tunable all-dielectric optical metasurfaces based on liquid crystals." Applied Physics Letters. DOI: 10.1063/1.4976504
ABSTRACT 
We demonstrate electrical tuning of the spectral response of a Mie-resonant dielectric metasurface consisting of silicon nanodisks embedded into liquid crystals. We use the reorientation of nematic liquid crystals in a moderate applied electric field to alter the anisotropic permittivity tensor around the metasurface. By switching a control voltage "on" and "off," we induce a large spectral shift of the metasurface resonances, resulting in an absolute transmission modulation of up to 75%. Our experimental demonstration of voltage control of dielectric metasurfaces paves the way for new types of electrically tunable metadevices, including dynamic displays and holograms. 

Journal reference: Applied Physics Letters


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-03-electrical...c.html#jCp[/url]


Granular universe: Statistical origin of special and doubly special relativity

Article (PDF Available)in [url=https://www.researchgate.net/journal/1742-6588_Journal_of_Physics_Conference_Series]Journal of Physics Conference Series
 442(1):2054- · June 2013 with 31 Reads
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/442/1/012054
Abstract

We present a new theoretical evidence that a relativistically invariant quantum dynamics at large enough space-time scales can be derived from two inter-correlated genuinely non-relativistic stochastic processes that operate at different energy scales. This leads to Feynman amplitudes that are, in the Euclidean regime, identical to transition probability of a Brownian particle propagating through a granular space. Our observation implies a preferred frame and can have distinct experimental signatures. Ensuing implications for special and doubly-special relativity, quantum field theory, quantum gravity and cosmology are discussed.



Quote:"With the data of these three lensing clusters we have successfully mapped the granularity of dark matter within the clusters in exquisite detail," Natarajan said.


[Image: 170301105603_1_540x360.jpg]

This is a 3-D visualization of reconstructed dark matter clump distributions in a distant galaxy cluster, obtained from the Hubble Space Telescope Frontier Fields data. The unseen matter in this map is comprised of a smooth heap of dark matter on which clumps form.
[i]Credit: Yale University[/i]
A Yale-led team has produced one of the highest-resolution maps of dark matter ever created, offering a detailed case for the existence of cold dark matter -- sluggish particles that comprise the bulk of matter in the universe.

The dark matter map is derived from Hubble Space Telescope Frontier Fields data of a trio of galaxy clusters that act as cosmic magnifying glasses to peer into older, more distant parts of the universe, a phenomenon known as gravitational lensing.
Yale astrophysicist Priyamvada Natarajan led an international team of researchers that analyzed the Hubble images. "With the data of these three lensing clusters we have successfully mapped the granularity of dark matter within the clusters in exquisite detail," Natarajan said. "We have mapped all of the clumps of dark matter that the data permit us to detect, and have produced the most detailed topological map of the dark matter landscape to date."
Scientists believe dark matter -- theorized, unseen particles that neither reflect nor absorb light, but are able to exert gravity -- may comprise 80% of the matter in the universe. Dark matter may explain the very nature of how galaxies form and how the universe is structured. Experiments at Yale and elsewhere are attempting to identify the dark matter particle; the leading candidates include axions and neutralinos.
"While we now have a precise cosmic inventory for the amount of dark matter and how it is distributed in the universe, the particle itself remains elusive," Natarajan said.
Dark matter particles are thought to provide the unseen mass that is responsible for gravitational lensing, by bending light from distant galaxies. This light bending produces systematic distortions in the shapes of galaxies viewed through the lens. Natarajan's group decoded the distortions to create the new dark matter map.
Significantly, the map closely matches computer simulations of dark matter theoretically predicted by the cold dark matter model; cold dark matter moves slowly compared to the speed of light, while hot dark matter moves faster. This agreement with the standard model is notable given that all of the evidence for dark matter thus far is indirect, said the researchers.
The high-resolution simulations used in the study, known as the Illustris suite, mimic structure formation in the universe in the context of current accepted theory. A study detailing the findings appeared Feb. 28 in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.




Journal Reference:

  1. Priyamvada Natarajan, Urmila Chadayammuri, Mathilde Jauzac, Johan Richard, Jean-Paul Kneib, Harald Ebeling, Fangzhou Jiang, Frank van den Bosch, Marceau Limousin, Eric Jullo, Hakim Atek, Annalisa Pillepich, Cristina Popa, Federico Marinacci, Lars Hernquist, Massimo Meneghetti, Mark Vogelsberger. Mapping substructure in the HST Frontier Fields cluster lenses and in cosmological simulationsMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2017; DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw3385

Yale University. "Astronomy: Dark matter mapped." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 March 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170301105603.htm>.
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With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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#26

FEATURE
 
1 March 2017


Cosmic uncertainty: Are there really just three dimensions?
Many physics theories demand the existence of more dimensions of space. If they do exist, we might be perceiving them as something else
[Image: c0213734-calabai-yau_manifold1-800x533.jpg]
Pasieka/SPL
By Stuart Clark

Yes, OK, four dimensions – time is a dimension too, albeit an oddly unidirectional one (see “Cosmic uncertainty: Does time go both ways?“). But we’ve long thought there might be more large-scale spatial dimensions than the up-down, left-right, in-out we are all used to.
In the late 19th century, British mathematician Charles Howard Hinton suggested that what we perceive as different objects moving in relation to one another could be thought of as single, solid objects in a four-dimensional space passing through our three-dimensional universe. To get a sense of what that means, imagine what a spherical ball looks like observed as it passes through a two dimensional sheet – as a circle whose radius expands and then contracts in time (see “View from Flatland”).
[Image: speedoflight_landingpage.jpg]

Read more: Cosmic uncertainty: Five universal truths that might be wrong
In physics, things are as they are – until they’re not. Here are five cosmic impossibilities that just might turn out to be true
Adding extra dimensions to the universe is easy enough, on paper at least: you just need additional terms in your coordinate system. The question becomes how we perceive them. Einstein slipped in an additional space-like dimension to his equations of general relativity to explain how mass warps space-time. We don’t perceive this dimension directly, but experience it as an acceleration and explain it as the force of gravity.
Some physicists are adamant that more physical dimensions must exist beyond those we can see. In string theory – still most physicists’ chosen route to a unifying theory that combines gravity and the forces of the quantum world – the number of



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Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#27
Want knowledge?  Pay the $$$

Way to tell there is a business man running the government and  Assimilated Borging the Chopwhorations

Soon a library card will cost $$$

Bob... Ninja Alien2
"The Light" - Jefferson Starship-Windows of Heaven Album
I'm an Earthling with a Martian Soul wanting to go Home.   
You have to turn your own lightbulb on. ©stevo25 & rhw007
Reply
#28
Hellacious Holographic Hagiographic Hu$tling Huck$ter$!!!

Maybe we should 'Simulate' them outta biznazz. LilD

Quote:There are many reasons to believe that the universe is a recreation including the fact that it behaves mathematically and is like a pixelated video game.

Non Actual Simulated Avatar 

NASA ASTRONOMER -- "CONSCIOUSNESS CAN BE REPRODUCED: WE CAN BUILD A GOD"

 3/09/2017
[Image: 6a00d8341bf7f753ef01b8d268b368970c-800wi.jpg]
Accepting that we live in a simulated universe is game-changing, like Copernicus realizing Earth was not the center of the universe. “If in the future there are more digital people living in simulated environments than there are today, then what is to say we are not part of that already?” said Rich Terrile. May be we are living in a simulated universe and the realization of this may surprise us.






Rich Terrile, a NASA’s Voyager spacecraft scientist, Rich Terrile, said: “Soon there will be nothing technical standing in the way to making machines that have their own consciousness. If one progresses at the current rate of technology a few decades into the future, very quickly we will be a society where there are artificial entities living in simulations that are much more abundant than human beings."



Terrila discovered many moons of Saturn, Uranus and Neptune with NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Rich Terrile is in favor of the argument which has been proposed earlier that “consciousness, a product of the brain, can be reproduced”.



There are many reasons to believe that the universe is a recreation including the fact that it behaves mathematically and is like a pixelated video game.



Terrile said: “Even things that we think of as continuous – time, energy, space, volume – all have a finite limit to their size. If that’s the case, then our universe is both computable and finite. Those properties allow the universe to be simulated. Quite frankly, if we are not living in a simulation, it is an extraordinarily unlikely circumstance”.



Terrile claims "our future identities" may have already talented enough to get this task done and an imitation could be occurring already. He believes that is a wonderful thing because it provides a "scientific basis for some kind of afterlife or larger domain of reality above our world."



He then added: "You don't need a miracle, faith or anything special to believe it. It comes naturally out of the laws of physics, We will have the power of mind and matter to be able to create whatever we want and occupy those worlds."


Terrile said on Morgan Freeman's program Through the Wormhole that God must be an "interdimensional being, connected with everything in the Universe, a creator, responsible for everything in the Universe, and in some way able to change the laws of physics, if he wanted to. I think those are good requirements for what God have to be."

http://www.physics-astronomy.com/2017/03...MMdVdQrLvY






Quote:Terrile said  God must be an "interdimensional being, connected with everything in the Universe...

Quantum entanglement between a single photon and a trillion rubidium atoms
...if he wanted to.

The results of the experiment confirm that the atoms and the single photon are in a   Reefer  joint entangled state. Hi


Quantum entanglement between a single photon and a trillion rubidium atoms

March 2, 2017



[Image: quantumentan.jpg]
Visualization of a hybrid bipartite entanglement between a single photon (blue) and an atomic spin-wave excitation inside quantum memory glass cell, subsequently confirmed in the detection process of a second photon (red). Presented setup enables the demonstration of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox with true positions and momenta. (Source: UW Physics, Michal Dabrowski) Credit: UW Physics, Michal Dabrowski
A group of researchers from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Warsaw has shed new light on the famous paradox of Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen after 80 years. They created a multidimensional entangled state of a single photon and a trillion hot rubidium atoms, and stored this hybrid entanglement in the laboratory for several microseconds. The research has been published in Optica.





In their famous Physical Review article, published in 1935, Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen considered the decay of a particle into two products. In their thought experiment, two products of decay were projected in exactly opposite directions—or more scientifically speaking, their momenta were anti-correlated. Though not be a mystery within the framework of classical physics, when applying the rules of quantum theory, the three researchers arrived at a paradox. The Heisenberg uncertainty principle, dictating that position and momentum of a particle cannot be measured at the same time, lies at the center of this paradox. In Einstein's thought experiment, it is possible to measure the momentum of one particle and immediately know the momentum of the other without measurement, as it is exactly opposite. Then, by measuring the position of the second particle, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle is seemingly violated, an apparent paradox that seriously baffled the three physicists.
We now know that this experiment is not, in fact, a paradox. The mistake of Einstein and co-workers was applying one-particle uncertainty to a system of two particles. If we treat these two particles as described by a single quantum state, we learn that the original uncertainty principle ceases to apply, especially if these particles are entangled.
[Image: 1-quantumentan.jpg]
From right: Michal Parniak uses the green laser to shining the glass cell with quantum memory, holding by Wojciech Wasilewski. Michal Dabrowski makes a simultaneous measurement of position and momentum of photons generated inside the memory. (Source: UW Physics, Mateusz Mazelanik) Credit: UW Physics, Mateusz Mazelanik
In the Quantum Memory Laboratory at the University of Warsaw, the group of three physicists was the first to create such an entangled state, which consisted of a macroscopic object—a group of about one trillion atoms, and a single photon. "Single photons, scattered during the interaction of a laser beam with atoms, are registered on a sensitive camera. A single registered photon carries information about the quantum state of the entire group of atoms. The atoms may be stored, and their state may be retrieved on demand," says Michal Dabrowski, Ph.D. student and co-author of the article.


The results of the experiment confirm that the atoms and the single photon are in a joint entangled state. By measuring the position and momentum of the photon, the researchers acquired all information about the state of atoms. To confirm this, polish scientists converted the atomic state into another photon, which was measured using the same state-of-the-art camera.
"We demonstrated the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen apparent paradox in a very similar version as originally proposed in 1935, but we extended the experiment by adding storage of light within the large group of atoms. Atoms store the photon in the form of a wave made of atomic spins containing one trillion atoms. Such a state is very robust against loss of a single atom, as information is spread across so many particles," says Michal Parniak, Ph.D. student taking part in the study.
The experiment is unique in one other way, as well. The quantum memory storing the entangled state allows for storage of up to 12 photons at once. This enhanced capacity is promising in terms of applications in quantum information processing. "The multidimensional entanglement is stored in our device for several microseconds, which is roughly a thousand times longer than in any previous experiments, and at the same time, long enough to perform subtle quantum operations on the atomic state during storage," explains Dr. Wojciech Wasilewski, group leader of the Quantum Memories Laboratory team.
The entanglement in the real and momentum space, described in the Optica article, can be used jointly with other well-known degrees of freedom such as polarization, allowing generation of so-called hyper-entanglement. Such ideas constitute a new and original test of the fundamentals of quantum mechanics, a theory that is unceasingly mysterious, yet offers immense technological progress.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: New technique for creation of entangled photon states
More information: Michał Dąbrowski et al, Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen paradox in a hybrid bipartite system, Optica (2017). DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.4.000272 
Journal reference: Optica [Image: img-dot.gif] [Image: img-dot.gif]
Provided by: University of Warsaw



Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-03-quantum-entanglement-photon-trillion-rubidium.html#jCp[/url][url=https://phys.org/news/2017-03-quantum-entanglement-photon-trillion-rubidium.html#jCp]
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#29
...
Great post !


Quote:Terrile said:
“Even things that we think of as continuous – time, energy, space, volume –
all have a finite limit to their size.

Nonono

If that’s the case,
then our universe is both computable    and    finite.
Those properties allow the universe to be simulated.

Quite frankly, if we are not living in a simulation,
it is an extraordinarily unlikely circumstance”.                 Damned


the universe is computable   and  ... infinite,
and
still can be simulated.

one should then be able to easily ... simluate ... a finite section ... 

----> a pizza the Pi ... of the universe Whip

separate from the total infinity ...

you can simulate -- re-simulate -- and re stimulate Whip
any
finite measureable fractional component of the timeless {eternal nowness}  infinite universe ...
...
Reply
#30
I could never think of a reason that the hologram couldn't be the holographic projector.
"Work and pray, live on hay, you'll get Pie In The Sky when you die." - Joe Hill, "The Preacher and the Slave" 1911
Reply
#31
(03-17-2017, 08:00 PM)Ancient Vizier Wrote: I could never think of a reason that the hologram couldn't be the holographic projector.

As the first responders to all the possibilities responded in this thread PW

Itza common sense that aside from viewing it there are other ways via synesthesia in this existence of yours.

therefore you need harmony and aroma and force feedback and savor.

All artificially possible.

The thought experiment in my opinion that to even conjecture a projector...you summon a medium as non-intuitive as that sounds in typeform in a post.

The projector 
could also be the medium it is projected on you would suppose, if you could superimpose what you propose in prose.

The observer effect could uncertainly heisenberg a shroedinger between frame-rate and an audience of ~three.
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#32
...


Quote: if you could superimpose what you propose in prose.

I propose in prose ...

taking care of business in 2117 ...  by Vianova 

I've got a starship on it's way to Mars,
full of fine expensive cars,
I've got the winning tickets to fly to planet X
With Lucy in the Sky in zero G interplanetary sex,
It's all funny money and Playboy Bunnies,
'cause I gotta coronal mass .. erection,
so jumping jack flash and fuck me .. when you fly  Hi  bye my direction,
yea,
show me the fucking money
show me the cold hard cash
show me the fucking money
then shut the fuck up

I've got 27 asteroids, 
and eleven moons in my inventory,
with alien rock stars under contract, 
in space casino resort ..  rock-n-roll glory, 
It's all funny money and Playboy Bunnies,
'cause I gotta coronal mass .. erection,
so jumping jack flash and fuck me babe .. when you fly Hi  bye my direction,
yea,
show me the fucking money
show me the cold hard cash
show me the fucking money
then shut the fuck up

I've got a starship on it's way to Mars,
full of fine expensive cars,
I've got the winning tickets to fly to planet X
With Lucy in the Sky in zero G interplanetary sex,

show me the fucking money
then shut the fuck up
show me the fucking money
then shut the fuck up
show me the fucking money
then shut the fuck up

Taking care of business in the year 21-17
It's big money space travel madness,
With rental robots and secret time machines,
Worm hole wizards with get rich wet dreams,
yea, I'm taking care of business,
yea, taking care of business,
in the year 
21-17


show me the fucking money,
show me the cold hard cash,
'cause I gotta coronal mass .. erection,
so jumping jack flash Whip
and fuck me babe Whip
when you fly bye my direction Hi

Smoke

...
Reply
#33
Quote:The thought experiment in my opinion that to even conjecture a projector...you summon a medium as non-intuitive as that sounds in typeform in a post.

The projector 
could also be the medium it is projected on you would suppose, if you could superimpose what you propose in prose.

The observer effect could uncertainly heisenberg a shroedingerFor Profit $ee ? / Fore Prophecy / For Profess See?
show me the fucking money between frame-rate and an audience of ~three.

My name is Clay, what is yours?
For Profit $ee ? / Fore Prophecy / For Profess See?
Scientists evade the Heisenberg uncertainty principle
March 22, 2017

Quote:"The observer effect could uncertainly heisenberg a shroedinger..."


[Image: 1-scientistsev.jpg]
The evolution of a spin and its uncertainty as they orbit due to a magnetic field. The uncertainty, initially equal in all directions, is squeezed into only the out-of-plane component, leaving the two in-plane components highly certain. Credit: ICFO
ICFO Researchers report the discovery of a new technique that could drastically improve the sensitivity of instruments such as magnetic resonance imagers (MRIs) and atomic clocks. The study, published in Nature, reports a technique to bypass the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. This technique hides quantum uncertainty in atomic features not seen by the instrument, allowing the scientists to make very high precision measurements.



State-of-the-art sensors, such as MRIs and atomic clocks, are capable of making measurements with exquisite precision. MRI is used to image tissues deep within the human body and tells us whether we might suffer from an illness, while atomic clocks are extremely precise timekeepers used for GPS, internet synchronization, and long baseline interferometry in radio-astronomy. One might think these two instruments have nothing in common, but they do: both technologies are based on precise measurement the spin of the atom, the gyroscope-like motion of the electrons and the nucleus. In MRI, for example, the pointing angle of the spin gives information about where in the body the atom is located, while the amount of spin (the amplitude) is used to distinguish different kinds of tissue. Combining these two pieces of information, the MRI can make a 3D map of the tissues in the body.
The sensitivity of this kind of measurement was long thought to be limited by Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, which states that accurately measuring one property of an atom puts a limit to the precision of measurement you can obtain on another property. For example, if we measure an electron's position with high precision, Heisenberg's principle limits the accuracy in the measurement of its momentum. Since most atomic instruments measure two properties (spin amplitude and angle), the principle seems to say that the readings will always contain some quantum uncertainty. This long-standing expectation has now been disproven, however, by ICFO researchers Dr. Giorgio Colangelo, Ferran Martin Ciurana, Lorena C. Bianchet and Dr. Robert J. Sewell, led by ICREA Prof. at ICFO Morgan W. Mitchell. In their article "Simultaneous tracking of spin angle and amplitude beyond classical limits", published this week in Nature, they describe how a properly designed instrument can almost completely avoid quantum uncertainty.
The trick is to realize that the spin has not one but two pointing angles, one for the north-east-south-west direction, and the other for the elevation above the horizon. The ICFO team showed how to put nearly all of the uncertainty into the angle that is not measured by the instrument. In this way they still obeyed Heisenberg's requirement for uncertainty, but hid the uncertainty where it can do no harm. As a result, they were able to obtain an angle-amplitude measurement of unprecedented precision, unbothered by quantum uncertainty.


Prof. Mitchell uses a solid analogy to state that "To scientists, the uncertainty principle is very frustrating - we'd like to know everything, but Heisenberg says we can't. In this case, though, we found a way to know everything that matters to us. 

It's like the Rolling Stones song: you can't always get what you want / but if you try sometimes you just might find / you get what you need."


[Image: scientistsev.jpg]
Ferran Martin Ciurana and Dr. Giorgio Colangelo working on the experimental setup. Credit: ICFO
In their study, the ICFO team cooled down a cloud of atoms to a few micro-degrees Kelvin, applied a magnetic field to produce spin motion as in MRI, and illuminated the cloud with a laser to measure the orientation of the atomic spins. They observed that both the spin angle and uncertainty can be continuously monitored with a sensitivity beyond the previously expected limits, although still obeying the Heisenberg principle.
As for the challenges faced during the experiment, Colangelo comments that "in the first place, we had to develop a theoretical model to see if what we wanted to do was really possible. Then, not all the technologies we used for the experiment existed when we started: among them, we had to design and develop a particular detector that was fast enough and with very low noise. We also had to improve a lot the way we were "preparing" the atoms and find a way to efficiently use all the dynamic range we had in the detector. It was a battle against the Dark Side of Quantum, but we won it!"
The results of the study are of paramount importance since this new technique shows that it is possible to obtain even more accurate measurements of atomic spins, opening a new path to the development of far more sensitive instruments and enabling the detection of signals, such as gravitational waves or brain activity, with unprecedented accuracy.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Researchers beat the quantum limit of microwave measurements
More information: Simultaneous tracking of spin angle and amplitude beyond classical limits, Naturenature.com/articles/doi:10.1038/nature21434 
Journal reference: Nature [Image: img-dot.gif] [Image: img-dot.gif]
Provided by: ICFO



Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-03-scientists-evade-heisenberg-uncertainty-principle.html#jCp

For Profit $ee ? / Fore Prophecy / For Profess See?
Quote:"...between frame-rate and an audience of ~three."
Does the universe have a rest frame?
by Staff Writers
Washington DC (SPX) Mar 23, 2017


[Image: silicon-based-quantum-optics-lab-on-a-chip-lg.jpg]
File image.

Physics is sometimes closer to philosophy when it comes to understanding the universe. Donald Chang from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China, attempts to elucidate whether the universe has a resting frame. The results have recently been published in EPJ Plus.
To answer this tricky question, he has developed an experiment to precisely evaluate particle mass. This is designed to test the special theory of relativity that assumes the absence of a rest frame, otherwise it would be possible to determine which inertial frame is stationary and which frame is moving.
This assumption, however, appears to diverge from the standard model of cosmology, which assumes that what we see as a vacuum is not an empty space. The assumption is that the energy of our universe comes from the quantum fluctuation in the vacuum.
In a famous experiment conducted by Michelson and Morley in the late 19th century, the propagation of light was proved to be independent of the movement of the laboratory system.
Einstein, his Special Theory of Relativity, inferred that the physical laws governing the propagation of light are equivalent in all inertial frames--this was later extended to all physics laws not just optics.
In this study, the author set out to precisely measure the masses of two charged particles moving in opposite directions.
The conventional thinking assumes that the inertial frame applies equally to both particles. If that's the case, no detectable mass difference between these two particles is likely to arise.
However, if the contrary is true, and there is a rest frame in the universe, the author expects to see mass difference that is dependent on the orientation of the laboratory frame.
This proposed experiment partially inspired by the Michelson and Morley experiments can be conducted using existing experimental techniques. For simplicity, an electron can be used as the charged particle in the experiment.
D. C. Chang (2017), Is there a rest frame in the universe? A proposed experimental test based on a precise measurement of particle mass, Eur. Phys. J. Plus 132:140, DOI 10.1140/epjp/i2017-11402-4

http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Does_t...e_999.html


Quote:Recall From first article in this post above^

In their study, the ICFO team cooled down a cloud of atoms to a few micro-degrees Kelvin, applied a magnetic field to produce spin motion as in MRI, and illuminated the cloud with a laser to measure the orientation of the atomic spins. They observed that both the spin angle and uncertainty can be continuously monitored with a sensitivity beyond the previously expected limits, although still obeying the Heisenberg principle.


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-03-scientists-evade-heisenberg-uncertainty-principle.html#jCp
Physicists prove that it's impossible to cool an object to absolute zero

March 23, 2017 by Lisa Zyga feature



[Image: ice.jpg]
Credit: photos-public-domain.com
(Phys.org)—In 1912, chemist Walther Nernst proposed that cooling an object to absolute zero is impossible with a finite amount of time and resources. Today this idea, called the unattainability principle, is the most widely accepted version of the third law of thermodynamics—yet so far it has not been proved from first principles.





Now for the first time, physicists Lluís Masanes and Jonathan Oppenheim at the University College of London have derived the third law of thermodynamics from first principles. After more than 100 years, the result finally puts the third law on the same footing as the first and second laws of thermodynamics, both of which have already been proved.
"The goal of fundamental physics is to derive all the laws of nature and to describe all phenomena by only assuming a small set of principles (like quantum mechanics, the Standard Model of particle physics, etc.)," Masanes told Phys.org. "And that's what we do. In addition, this derivation unveils the strong connections among the limitations of cooling, the positivity of the heat capacity, the reversibility of microscopic dynamics, etc. Personally, I love that the whole of thermodynamics (including the third law) has been derived from more fundamental principles."
To prove the third law, the physicists used ideas from computer science and quantum information theory. There, a common problem is to determine the amount of resources required to perform a certain task. When applied to cooling, the question becomes how much work must be done and how large must the cooling reservoir be in order to cool an object to absolute zero (0 Kelvin, -273.15°C, or -459.67°F)?
The physicists showed that cooling a system to absolute zero requires either an infinite amount of work or an infinite reservoir. This finding is in agreement with the widely accepted physical explanation of the unattainability of absolute zero: As the temperature approaches zero, the system's entropy (disorder) approaches zero, and it is not possible to prepare a system in a state of zero entropy in a finite number of steps.
The new result led the physicists to a second question: If we can't reach absolute zero, then how close can we get (with finite time and resources)? It turns out that the answer is closer than might be expected. The scientists showed that lower temperatures can be obtained with only a modest increase of resources. Yet they also showed that there are limits here, as well. For example, a system cannot be cooled exponentially quickly, since this would result in a negative heat capacity, which is a physical impossibility.
One of the nice features of the new proof is that it applies not only to large, classical systems (which traditional thermodynamics usually deals with), but also to quantum systems and to any conceivable type of cooling process.
For this reason, the results have widespread theoretical implications. Cooling to very low temperatures is a key component in many technologies, such as quantum computers, quantum simulations, and high-precision measurements. Understanding what it takes to get close to absolute zero could help guide the development and optimization of future cooling protocols for these applications.
"Now that we have a better understanding of the limitations of cooling, I would like to optimize the existing cooling methods or come up with new ones," Masanes said.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Quantum shortcuts cannot bypass the laws of thermodynamics
More information: Lluís Masanes and Jonathan Oppenheim. "A general derivation and quantification of the third law of thermodynamics." Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14538 
Journal reference: Nature Communications


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-03-physicists...e.html#jCp[/url]

If you can't be an absolute zero hero and there ain't no rest for the mover you can uncertainly be a daggnabbit. Only time can't tell.

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