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The Gov't will Go to the Moon and Mars, Rite after this commercial break...
#34
Well if you're SURE it's not just part of Putin's plan to get us to spend all our money on magic beans... :-)
"Work and pray, live on hay, you'll get Pie In The Sky when you die." - Joe Hill, "The Preacher and the Slave" 1911
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#35
...


Quote:STEPHEN HAWKING Pimp
WILL TRAVEL TO SPACE ON BOARD RICHARD BRANSON'S VIRGIN GALACTIC FLIGHT


Rofl

He will vomit all over himself after he shits his pants,
and some astrogeek will have to clean him up during the whole flight.

what a mess



Quote:LOCKHEED MARTIN WILL BUILD AN ORBITING MARS 'BASE CAMP' 
USING   EXISTING TECHNOLOGY Whip
BY 2028

The spacecraft will launch in 2018 without a crew,
and this will be followed by a manned mission five years later.


They are trying to push the NASA foot draggers into making bolder moves towards Mars.
It's a good idea.
Just get something tangible there in orbit as an asset.
The basic orbiting station technology available now,
becomes the first piece of orbiting infrastructure over Mars.

Grand Vizier:
Quote:Don't pay the ferryman 'til he gets you to the other side


You have to establish the ferry route landing site first,
be that in space in an orbiting station,
or on the surface.

The investment appears to be primarily Lockheed Martin's initially, 
and not a direct public funded mission.
Let's see if Lockheed actually gets the first unmanned flight out by 2018,
like they claim.
...
Reply
#36
SpaceX ain't shitting their pants though Horsepoop  and neither is their next customer.

Vic we have waited for this epic event for years and now it approaches countdown.

The world's first commercial relaunch of a payload rocket and possible softlanding of the booster again.

Wow.

To a small scale Jeff Bezos has had great success but this is primetime! LilD


Live coverage: Falcon 9 static fire slips to Monday, launch likely now Thursday

March 24, 2017 Stephen Clark

Live coverage of SpaceX’s preparations for the third Falcon 9 rocket launch from pad 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, and the first to use a previously-flown Falcon first stage booster. The mission will launch the SES 10 communications satellite. 



Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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#37
(03-21-2017, 11:54 PM)Ancient Vizier Wrote: I wonder if Trump actually knows what he's signing? Certainly the last guy I'd figure for a rocket scientist.

"I’m delighted to sign this bill," Trump said. "The more rockets we have, the more it will distract everyone from all the saucers we've built and tested since the 1940s that no one tells me anything about. None of my staff trusts me with anything important, did you know that? They all think I'm a dangerous, egomanaical racist pinhead who ought to be treated like they're five".

Well, if Elon Musk actually achieves something in space besides the power of speech, I'll stop saying that Elon Musk is a foofy French perfume.

Don't pay the ferryman 'til he gets you to the other side, that's my motto...

[Image: d63c8e01f8.jpeg]

What utter BS
Naughty
Quote:"I’m delighted to sign this bill," Trump said. "The more rockets we have, the more it will distract everyone from all the saucers we've built and tested since the 1940s that no one tells me anything about. None of my staff trusts me with anything important, did you know that? They all think I'm a dangerous, egomanaical racist pinhead who ought to be treated like they're five".

Tp

Further more Spiffy
Musk & Trump
will go farther and faster
than NASA since the 60's
youareaduck

Pie in Sky
Sheep
What goes up
Must come Down .
lol .

I mean Really
Trump been in Office 60 plus Days
and the last 40 years of NASA
is his Fault
LOL

What utter bs .

and he's a Caucasian
oh no
lol
you better go get a safe space
off Planet .
Never invite a Yoda to a frog leg dinner.
Go ahead invite Yoda to a Frog leg dinner
Reply
#38
Static firing of SpaceX reused Falcon Monday clears way for launch Thursday  LilD
by Jeff Foust — March 28, 2017
[Image: f9-crs8-landing2-879x485.jpg][img=788x0]http://spacenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/f9-crs8-landing2-879x485.jpg[/img]The Falcon 9 first stage on the deck of a SpaceX drone ship after landing April 8. Credit: SpaceX

SpaceX performed a static fire of a reused Falcon first stage Monday, clearing the way for a launch attempt Thursday.
The first stage fired its nine main engines briefly while on the pad at Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Complex 39A, part of standard pre-launch preparations for Falcon 9 missions.
The test, previously scheduled for Sunday, allows plans to proceed for a launch attempt Thursday at 6 p.m.Eastern of the SES-10 satellite.
Advertisement

The launch will be the first to use a previously flown first stage, in this case a stage that launched a Dragon cargo spacecraft last April. [Spaceflight Now]

- See more at: http://spacenews.com/static-firing-of-sp...UHyjw.dpuf
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With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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#39
ExoTerra to Become First Privately Owned Space Company to Fly to an Asteroid
ExoTerra will work with NASA through a Public-Private Partnership Award to accomplish the mission

[Image: Logo-Black-e1462384134323.png]

LITTLETON, Colo., March 27, 2017 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- NASA has awarded ExoTerra Corporation a$2.5M contract to demonstrate a novel solar electric propulsion system for CubeSats that will enable the shoebox-sized spacecraft to triple their available power and produce over 2.5 km/s of propulsion. Under the "Utilizing Public-Private Partnerships to Advance Tipping Point Technologies" award, ExoTerra will use the mission-enabling capability to fly a CubeSat past an asteroid and become the first privately owned company to fly beyond the Moon. The mission will both demonstrate the solar electric propulsion technology in space for the first time, and support our partner, Deep Space Industries, in their efforts to locate asteroids suitable for mining.
"We are shrinking the size of interplanetary satellites to enable NASA to perform more science at a substantially lower cost," noted Mike VanWoerkom, Founder of ExoTerra. "The successful demonstration of the technology will enable NASA to perform future missions to asteroids or other inner solar system destinations at costs orders of magnitude below current missions."
The mission has ramifications for the commercial industry as well. ExoTerra's Halo Hall Effect Thruster is less than half the size of competing systems and enables CubeSats to perform long-term orbit control for the first time. When combined with the high-power solar array, it enables CubeSats to perform reliable commercial operations with more capable sensor packages.
ExoTerra is partnered with Deep Space Industries and Advanced Solutions Inc. on the project. They are scheduled to launch in late 2019. For more information about this NASA contract, seehttps://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-...cial-space
About ExoTerra Resources Corporation: ExoTerra is a small business located in Littleton, Colorado. Founded in 2011, the company is focused on reducing the cost of space exploration and commercial space through miniaturization, high efficiency, and in-situ resource utilization. The company has successfully completed several NASA, Air Force, and commercial contracts regarding microsatellites, solar electric propulsion and in-situ propellant production. For more information, see www.exoterracorp.com.  
Media Contact: Amanda Smith, ExoTerra Resources, 720-981-5372, asmith@exoterracorp.com
News distributed by PR Newswire iReach: https://ireach.prnewswire.com
 

SOURCE ExoTerra Resources Corporation
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With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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#40
Jeff Bezos Reveals 'Sneak Peek' of Blue Origin's Space Tourism Capsule

By Calla Cofield, Space.com Staff Writer | March 29, 2017 02:51pm ET

Want to take a trip to space? 

Billionaire Jeff Bezos' private spaceflight company, Blue Origin, released new images today (March 29) of the interior of its New Shepard passenger capsule, which the company says will be used to send paying customers on brief trips into space. [How Blue Origin's New Shepard Spacecraft Works]

[img=553x0]https://img.purch.com/w/640/aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kvMDAwLzA2NC8xOTUvaTAyL2xlYWQtaW1hZ2UuanBnPzE0OTA4MTM1NzE=[/img][Image: MTQ5MDgxMzU3MQ==]



A visualization of the interior of Blue Origin's New Shepard vehicle, which the company plans to use to ferry tourists on short trips to space.

Credit: Blue Origin
 
The images show sleek black seats, tilted back so passengers are facing up when the rocket takes off. But the real fun will come when the spacecraft reaches suborbital space and passengers will be able to get out of their seats and experience weightlessness in the roomy cabin. 

Passengers can also look out the spacecraft's windows, which will be "the largest windows ever in space," the company said. As recently as October 2016, Bezos said the company was on track to make its first human test flights by the end of 2017, with the first customer flights taking place in 2018.

[img=553x0]https://img.purch.com/w/640/aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kvMDAwLzA2NC8xOTYvaTAyL3ZpZXctZnJvbS1zcGFjZS1pbWFnZS0yLmpwZz8xNDkwODEzNzY4[/img][Image: aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kv...A4MTM3Njg=]



A visualization of Blue Origin's New Shepard vehicle in flight above the Earth, carrying space tourists.

Credit: Blue Origin

The New Shepard vehicle can reach suborbital altitudes, meaning not high enough to completely loop around the planet. (The Blue Origin customer flights will last about 11 minutes.) Besides its tourism function, the vehicle could serve as a microgravity laboratory, the company has said.

"Our New Shepard flight-test program is focused on demonstrating the performance and robustness of the system," Bezos said in a mass email update (these emails go out sporadically to people who subscribe on the company's website). "In parallel, we've been designing the capsule interior with an eye toward precision engineering, safety and comfort."

[img=553x0]https://img.purch.com/w/640/aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kvMDAwLzA2NC8xOTgvaTAyL2JsdWVvcmlnaW5zZWF0cy5qcGc/MTQ5MDgxNzE0MA==[/img][Image: aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kv...kwODE3MTQw]



The seats inside Blue Origin's New Shepard passenger capsule will be embossed with the feather from the company's logo.

Credit: Blue Origin

 

Blue Origin has made multiple successful test launches of its New Shepard vehicle, and these missions have included landing the spacecraft's reusable rocket booster. The company said it has also relaunched some of those used boosters. Reusable rocket boosters could help bring down the cost of spaceflight, Bezos and other spaceflight industry experts have said. 

[img=553x0]https://img.purch.com/w/640/aHR0cDovL3d3dy5zcGFjZS5jb20vaW1hZ2VzL2kvMDAwLzA2NC8xOTcvaTAyL2V4dGVyaW9yLWltYWdlLTMuanBnPzE0OTA4MTM4NDE=[/img][Image: MTQ5MDgxMzg0MQ==]



A visualization of the exterior of the New Shepard vehicle.

Credit: Blue Origin

Space tourism isn't unique to Blue Origin. Virgin Galactic has already started selling tickets for a trip to space aboard one of the company's space planes. (Blue Origin is not yet selling tickets or revealing pricing information, but the company's website does let people sign up to receive early updates when those things become available). The private company World View is offering tourism trips aboard high-altitude balloons. 
Last year, Bezos said Blue Origin would also like to eventually offer tourism trips to higher altitudes than New Shepard can reach. This would happen aboard the company's New Glenn orbital rocket, which is currently in production. Bezos said the company planned to give first access on those orbital space trips to customers who had already purchased suborbital trips on New Shepard. 

http://www.space.com/36267-blue-origin-s...-peek.html
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#41
WATCH LIVE:  SES-10 MISSION
SpaceX is targeting launch of the SES-10 mission today, Thursday, March 30th, from Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A) at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.  
The SES-10 mission will mark a historic milestone on the road to full and rapid reusability as SpaceX attempts the world’s first reflight of an orbital class rocket. Falcon 9’s first stage for the SES-10 mission previously supported a successfull space station cargo resupply mission for NASA in April 2016.
The launch window opens at 6:27 pm EDT or 10:27 pm UTC, and the launch will be broadcast live at www.spacex.com/webcast beginning at approximately 6:07 pm EDT or 10:07 pm UTC. For more information, visit www.spacex.com.
 
6 hours until SpaceX webcast starts live with launch in 6.27 PM from the WOW of NOW !!!

Bob... Ninja Alien2
"The Morning Light, No sensation to compare to this, suspended animation, state of bliss, I keep my eyes on the circling sky, tongue tied and twisted just and Earth Bound Martian I" Learning to Fly Pink Floyd [Video: https://vimeo.com/144891474]
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#42
The Falcon has landed...Again!!!  LilD



Cydonia NOW.
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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#43
Mars spacecraft's first missions face delays, NASA says
April 14, 2017

[Image: thefirsttwol.jpg]
The first two launches of NASA's deep-space capsule Orion could be delayed, setting back its Journey to Mars
NASA will probably delay the first two missions of its Orion deep-space capsule, being developed to send astronauts beyond earth's orbit and eventually to Mars, the US space agency said.


A report by NASA's Office of Inspector General cited technical as well as budget challenges.


The first launch of the Orion spacecraft atop the planned Space Launch System, or SLS—set to become the world's most powerful rocket when it flies—is currently scheduled for early November 2018 with no crew.
A second mission carrying astronauts is envisioned for August 2021 at the earliest.
However, "NASA's initial exploration missions on its Journey to Mars—EM-1 and EM-2—face multiple cost and technical challenges that likely will affect their planned launch dates," the report said of the conclusions from a nine-month audit.
It cites delays in the development of the Orion service module, provided by the European Space Agency (ESA), as well as technical risks from changes in the design of the capsule's heat shield.
The audit also reported delays in the development of software for the SLS, Orion and ground systems at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
"We are concerned NASA will not be able to resolve all necessary software validation and verification efforts in time to meet a November 2018 launch date for EM-1," the report said.
[Image: testingthesp.jpg]
Testing the Space Launch System—NASA's most powerful rocket is designed to carry the Orion deep-space capsule
The total cost for the SLS, Orion and ground systems development programs is expected to reach some $23 billion by the end of fiscal year 2018.
Manned exploration of Mars is expected to exceed $33 billion by 2033.
The White House in February asked the space agency to conduct a feasibility study of the cost, safety, and technical constraints of adding astronauts to the first Orion mission in late 2018.
The report also questions the feasibility of NASA's plans to launch a manned mission to Mars in the late 2030s or early 2040s. The agency has not provided target mission dates for a manned orbit of Mars or landings on the planet's surface or nearby moon, it said.
To achieve its goal of sending humans to the vicinity of Mars in the 2030s, NASA must carry out "significant development work on key systems such as a deep space habitat, in-space transportation, and Mars landing and ascent vehicles" in the 2020s, the report added.
"The Agency will need to make these and many other decisions in the next 5 years or so for that to happen."
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: European space agency to help NASA take humans beyond moon


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-04-mars-space...a.html#jCp[/url]



France, Japan aim to land probe on Mars moon

April 13, 2017



[Image: phobosisjust.jpg]
Phobos is just 27 kilometres (17 miles) in diametre from end-to-end
France and Japan want to recover pieces of a Martian Moon and bring them back to Earth, the head of France's National Centre for Space Studies (CNES) said Thursday.


The Martian Moons Exploration project would launch a probe in 2024 destined for Phobos, the largest and closest of two moons circling the Red Planet.
Paris and Tokyo signed a preliminary agreement on Monday, and will make a final decision before the end of the year, CNES president Jean-Yves Le Gall told AFP.
"It's a very important mission because—besides the Moon—it would be the first time samples from the satellite of a planet would be brought back to Earth," he said by phone.
Slightly egg-shaped, Phobos is 27 kilometres (17 miles) in diametre from end-to-end.
Analysing its composition would solve a long-standing question as to its origins.
One theory holds that the oblong moon is an asteroid captured by the gravitational pull of Mars. Another says that it is left-over matter from the Red Planet's creation event.
Landing on Phobos will also provide another vantage point for observing Mars, only 6,000 kilometres (3,700 miles) distant.
Getting there poses fewer challenges that landing on Mars, a graveyard for several failed missions.
"It should be twice as easy because the probe will not have to go through the Martian atmosphere," Le Gall said.
The Japanese partner for the project is the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.
Phobos—closer to its planet than any other moon in the solar system—is approaching Mars by about 2 metres (6.5 feet) every century. Scientists expect the moon to be pulled apart in 30 to 50 million years.
In 2011, a Phobos-bound probe launched by Russia—it's first interplanetary mission in 15 years—failed, with pieces falling into the Pacific two months later.
In 2020, the joint Europe-Russia ExoMars mission will lauch a rover tasked with finding traces of Martian life, past or present.
NASA's Curiosity rover has been criss-crossing the planet for more than three years.
The American agency has plans for a manned trip in the next 10-15 years, with a similar project also being pursued by US billionaire Elon Musk.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Japan announces plans to send probe to Martian moon


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-04-france-jap...s.html#jCp




Quote:A report by NASA's Office of Inspector General cited technical as well as budget challenges.
[url=https://flic.kr/p/SzeWsh][Image: 33194002404_fae6404a68_z.jpg]
Mars spacecraft's first missions face delays, NASA says

April 14, 2017

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-04-mars-space...a.html#jCp
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#44
Device pulls water from dry air, powered only by the sun
April 13, 2017

[Image: devicepullsw.jpg]


Water harvester built at MIT with MOFs from UC Berkeley. Using only sunlight, the harvester can pull liters of water from low-humidity air over a 12-hour period. Credit: MIT / laboratory of Evelyn Wang.

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-04-device-air...n.html#jCp

Imagine a future in which every home has an appliance that pulls all the water the household needs out of the air, even in dry or desert climates, using only the power of the sun.

That future may be around the corner, with the demonstration this week of a water harvester that uses only ambient sunlight to pull liters of water out of the air each day in conditions as low as 20 percent humidity, a level common in arid areas.
The solar-powered harvester, reported in the journal Science, was constructed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology using a special material - a metal-organic framework, or MOF - produced at the University of California, Berkeley.
"This is a major breakthrough in the long-standing challenge of harvesting water from the air at low humidity," said Omar Yaghi, one of two senior authors of the paper, who holds the James and Neeltje Tretter chair in chemistry at UC Berkeley and is a faculty scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. "There is no other way to do that right now, except by using extra energy. Your electric dehumidifier at home 'produces' very expensive water."
The prototype, under conditions of 20-30 percent humidity, was able to pull 2.8 liters (3 quarts) of water from the air over a 12-hour period, using one kilogram (2.2 pounds) of MOF. Rooftop tests at MIT confirmed that the device works in real-world conditions.
"One vision for the future is to have water off-grid, where you have a device at home running on ambient solar for delivering water that satisfies the needs of a household," said Yaghi, who is the founding director of the Berkeley Global Science Institute, a co-director of the Kavli Energy NanoSciences Institute and the California Research Alliance by BASF. "To me, that will be made possible because of this experiment. I call it personalized water."
Yaghi invented metal-organic frameworks more than 20 years ago, combining metals like magnesium or aluminum with organic molecules in a tinker-toy arrangement to create rigid, porous structures ideal for storing gases and liquids. Since then, more than 20,000 different MOFs have been created by researchers worldwide. Some hold chemicals such as hydrogen or methane: the chemical company BASF is testing one of Yaghi's MOFs in natural gas-fueled trucks, since MOF-filled tanks hold three times the methane that can be pumped under pressure into an empty tank.

Other MOFs are able to capture carbon dioxide from flue gases, catalyze the reaction of adsorbed chemicals or separate petrochemicals in processing plants.


[Image: 1-devicepullsw.jpg]


A schematic of a metal-organic framework. The lines in the models are organic linkers, and the intersections are multi-metallic units. These are building blocks that Omar Yaghi stitches together into crystalline sponges using new reticular chemistry. The yellow balls represent the porous spaces that can fill up with water. The background image shows the many cyrstals of MOF that are combined in the water harvester. Credit: UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab
In 2014, Yaghi and his UC Berkeley team synthesized a MOF - a combination of zirconium metal and adipic acid - that binds water vapor, and he suggested to Evelyn Wang, a mechanical engineer at MIT, that they join forces to turn the MOF into a water-collecting system.
The system Wang and her students designed consisted of more than two pounds of dust-sized MOF crystals compressed between a solar absorber and a condenser plate, placed inside a chamber open to the air. As ambient air diffuses through the porous MOF, water molecules preferentially attach to the interior surfaces. X-ray diffraction studies have shown that the water vapor molecules often gather in groups of eight to form cubes.
Sunlight entering through a window heats up the MOF and drives the bound water toward the condenser, which is at the temperature of the outside air. The vapor condenses as liquid water and drips into a collector.
"This work offers a new way to harvest water from air that does not require high relative humidity conditions and is much more energy efficient than other existing technologies," Wang said.
This proof of concept harvester leaves much room for improvement, Yaghi said. The current MOF can absorb only 20 percent of its weight in water, but other MOF materials could possibly absorb 40 percent or more. The material can also be tweaked to be more effective at higher or lower humidity levels.
"It's not just that we made a passive device that sits there collecting water; we have now laid both the experimental and theoretical foundations so that we can screen other MOFs, thousands of which could be made, to find even better materials," he said. "There is a lot of potential for scaling up the amount of water that is being harvested. It is just a matter of further engineering now."
Yaghi and his team are at work improving their MOFs, while Wang continues to improve the harvesting system to produce more water.
"To have water running all the time, you could design a system that absorbs the humidity during the night and evolves it during the day," he said. "Or design the solar collector to allow for this at a much faster rate, where more air is pushed in. We wanted to demonstrate that if you are cut off somewhere in the desert, you could survive because of this device. A person needs about a Coke can of water per day. That is something one could collect in less than an hour with this system."


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-04-device-air...n.html#jCp


2020 ROVER TO CYDONIA NOW !!!

Bob... Ninja Alien2
"The Morning Light, No sensation to compare to this, suspended animation, state of bliss, I keep my eyes on the circling sky, tongue tied and twisted just and Earth Bound Martian I" Learning to Fly Pink Floyd [Video: https://vimeo.com/144891474]
Reply
#45
IT’S OFFICIAL. HUMANS ARE GOING TO MARS. NASA HAS UNVEILED THEIR MISSION. Sheep LilD

 4/28/2017
[Image: 687474703a2f2f63312e737461746963666c6963...6b2e6a7067]
Humanity has been fascinated by Mars since long before we stepped foot on the Moon. Our planetary neighbor has been the subject of innumerable works of sci-fi and inspired countless dreams of adventure and exploration. Now, after decades of determination, research, and scientific breakthroughs, we’re finally ready to do it: humans are going to Mars. Really.



On March 21, President Trump issued a mandate for NASA: get people to Mars by 2033. One week later, NASA responded with its most detailed plan to date for reaching the Red Planet, and it details five phases along the road to Mars.

[img=640x0]https://d1a6a9r46cnyll.cloudfront.net/15b651c3cabdb3ed02c1ab5252a2545b72700877/687474703a2f2f63312e737461746963666c69636b722e636f6d2f312f3435342f33323138373530363931305f346232396236363562315f6b2e6a7067[/img]

[Image: DSG-1200x881.jpeg]





We’re in Phase 0 now, conducting tests at the International Space Station (ISS) and developing partnerships with private space companies. Phase I will span 2018 to 2025 and will include the launch and testing of six SLS rockets. Those rockets will deliver components of the Deep Space Gateway (DSG), a new space station to be built near the Moon to serve astronauts en route to Mars.



After that, Phase II will launch the Deep Space Transport (DST) tube toward the lunar station in 2027, and in 2028 or 2029, astronauts will inhabit the tube for more than 400 days. In 2030, Phase III will see the DST restocked with supplies and the Mars crew via SLS rocket. Phase IV, of course, will be the trip itself in 2033.



That means we’re just a scant 16 years away from reaching a goal that has eluded every generation that came before us.

[img=640x0]https://futurism.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/DSG-1200x881.jpeg[/img]







Completing the mission within their budget will be a challenge for NASA. That budget is currently about .5 percent of the total U.S. budget. For comparison, it was more than four percent during the Apollo Moon missions.



The mission to Mars includes obstacles beyond budget — keeping astronauts healthy and reasonably happy on the journey is chief among them. Without stopovers between Earth and Mars, astronauts will need to port everything they need with them, including air, food, and water, for a round-trip duration of two or three years.



Mental health is likely to be a concern for Mars astronauts, too, as they will essentially be sealed into the space tube for years at a time, with no ability for an emergency return once they leave Cislunar space. NASA’s HI-SEAS isolation experiment has shown promising results, but it is likely that the journey won’t be possible for everyone.



NASA also has competition in the race to get to Mars. Both Boeing and SpaceX hope to get there first, with SpaceX setting the lofty goal of arriving in 2022.


Ultimately, though, we all benefit from the friendly competition in the race toward Mars and the creative solutions it will almost certainly generate. If private companies work out some of these human challenges before NASA can, the agency can build on their experiences and spend its budget and efforts on other problems. In the end, the goal of putting humans on Mars will have been reached, irrespective of which organization crosses the finish line first.


http://www.physics-astronomy.com/2017/04...QVXetQrIrg



SpaceX to launch classified US govt payload Sunday LilD

April 29, 2017



[Image: aspacexfalco.jpg]
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket is poised to blast NROL-76 into space from Cape Canaveral, Florida during a two-hour launch window which opens Sunday at 7 am (1100 GMT)
SpaceX on Sunday is scheduled to make its first military launch, with a classified payload for the National Reconnaissance Office, which makes and operates spy satellites for the United States.





No details were made public about the payload, known only as NROL-76, which was first announced last year.
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket is poised to blast NROL-76 into space from Cape Canaveral, Florida during a two-hour launch window which opens Sunday at 7 am (1100 GMT).
About 10 minutes after launch, the tall portion of the rocket, known as the first stage, will power its engines and fly back toward Earth to make a controlled landing on solid ground at SpaceX's Landing Zone 1 at Cape Canaveral.
The attempt is part of SpaceX's effort to make rocket parts recyclable, rather than jettisoning the costly components after each launch.
The California-based company, headed by internet entrepreneur Elon Musk, has already made several successful landings on solid ground and on platforms floating in the ocean.
Until now, the US military has spent billions per year exclusively with United Launch Alliance, a joint operation of aerospace giants Boeing and Lockheed Martin, to launch government satellites.
SpaceX in 2014 filed suit against the US Air Force, saying it unfairly awarded billions of dollars to a single company for national security launches.
SpaceX also has a pair of launch contracts coming up for the Air Force to send GPS satellites into orbit.
If Sunday's launch is postponed for any reason, another launch window opens on May 1.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: SpaceX set to launch its first recycled rocket


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-04-spacex-govt-payload-sunday.html#jCp[url=https://phys.org/news/2017-04-spacex-govt-payload-sunday.html#jCp][/url]
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Reply
#46
...


Quote:On March 21, President Trump issued a mandate for NASA: 
get people to Mars by 2033.


heck, I might be dead by then.

mandate 
or
no
mandate

that
is not the question

the question is ... will it even be important of interest to me in 16 years?

How many more NASA planetary Fly  Hi Bye's do I have to tolerate?

Mission this and mission that ...
It's like slow death said the cat in the hat Whip

We need a Mars Monopoly game.
Park Avenue is somewhere in Gale Crater.

Spaceship travel really sucks.

I need my own personal Caleban {the whipping star - Heinlein} to open the jump doors.

In the meantime, 
I won't hold my breath while NASA and Trump play Fake News Mars Monopoly.

...
Reply
#47
NASA: WE ARE RETURNING TO PLUTO

 4/28/2017
[Image: edu_what_is_pluto_1.png]
New horizons spacecraft has shown us some crazy images and features of Pluto and that’s why NASA scientists are excited to say hello to the infamous former planet once more. This idea stems from the fact that Pluto defied all beliefs with signs of a geologically active world, possibly containing liquid oceans underneath its surface.



The chief investigator of the New Horizons mission to Pluto and one of top researchers of NASA, Alan Stern, has been working on a follow-up mission to Pluto. Stern told The Verge that, “Pluto just wowed people…Conversation keeps bubbling up…at scientific meetings.”
[img=640x0]https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-mq2Id3e9ZeU/WKstdfoww1I/AAAAAAAAIng/13zLs7awQuUfbo-SjB83XdzcQ0AE_8IkwCPcB/s640/edu_what_is_pluto_1.png[/img]

The New Horizons spacecraft delivered the science community with tons of exciting data, but Stern and his associates want to go a step further. They are currently working on to direct a spacecraft that can totally orbit Pluto while also learning how the dwarf planet changes over time.



The next spacecraft to make the journey and visit would be a quite different than its predecessor. The spacecraft would mirror NASA’s Cassini spacecraft in objective and gather much more data.



Video:

http://www.physics-astronomy.com/2017/04...QYMEtQrIrg


However, this all will come down to the budget. Stern and his squad are looking to the Planetary Science Decadal Survey, a document issued every decade that highpoints the most significant events for researchers to chase in our solar system. And so, with plans in the initial stages, we might have some more to look forward to from Pluto.
http://www.physics-astronomy.com/2017/04...QYMEtQrIrg
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#48
AFAIK, when they build a spacecraft
they also make a lot of spare parts
(eg. the precisely ground Hubble primary mirror made by Kodak),
so an Advanced Pluto Probe could probably be put together easily.
Reply
#49
...

Quote:so an Advanced Pluto Probe could probably be put together easily.


yea, all they need to do is put it into orbit with updated cameras.

They could do that in 3 years -- the heck with the Europa mission Nonono

But they will overload the craft with too much instrumentation,
and probably need a larger version of New Horizons.

I would go back to Pluto and Charon 5 times before I would go to Europa once.

I would go back to Ceres before I would go to Europa.

...
Reply
#50
Spacex nails the NROL-76 launch and sticks the landing on land again!!! LilD



With this success of a Classified Military Payload and the ability to re-use the rocket again this year...spacex could get to pluto in short-order would be my guess once the falcon heavy has it's debut.

There will be a point in Time where even a single University may be able to send their own missions once the cost decreases.

This 6-8 year mission design phase is totally unnecessary and I think there will be a substantial market for 'off-the-shelf' products as long as they aren't MSSS  Naughty JPL products.
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#51
For Clay:

Whose Line Is It, Anyway?
Improv Class Teaches Student Engineers to Think on Their Feet

Article ID: 673873
Released: 1-May-2017 1:05 PM EDT
Source Newsroom: Johns Hopkins University

[Image: ximage.php,qimage=,_images,_uploads,_201...N1pX3O.jpg]
Credit: Will Kirk/Johns Hopkins University

Megumi Chen, center, a senior applied mathematics and statistics major, says the improv class has enhanced her ability to listen and engage in public speaking.

Engineering students have lots of experience with lines, from the structural lines of buildings to the lines of code in software. But a new class at the Johns Hopkins University is teaching them about other lines – the kind that might be tossed their way in an improvisational comedy scene.
Offered for the first time this semester, “Improvisation for Scientists and Engineers” uses lessons borrowed from theater classes to help such students hone their off-the-cuff verbal skills and develop poise in front of groups – valued skills in the professional world.
The Johns Hopkins class, offered through the Whiting School of Engineering’s Center for Leadership Education, is the brainchild of Edward R. Scheinerman, the school’s vice dean for education, an applied mathematician who admits that he dreams of taking up improv when he retires.
“It’s a generalization, I know, but we engineers and scientists tend to be more analytical and deliberate, as opposed to spontaneous, and many of us could benefit from practice in thinking on our feet,” Scheinerman says. “The bottom line is that, at Hopkins, our goal is to make sure that our engineers and scientists have all the knowledge and skills they need when they graduate, including the kind of interpersonal and communication skills that improv teaches. So much of engineering work is collaborative, after all.”
Improvisational theater is a form of live theater in which performers build on each other’s spontaneous words and actions, creating the storyline, characters, and dialogue on the spot. There are no “no’s” in improv; in fact, the phrase “Yes, and …” is the guiding principal governing the art form.
“The secret is that improv not only teaches people to deal with the unexpected, but also how to turn that around and make it work for them,” says Michael Hartwell, the professional improv performer recruited by Johns Hopkins administrators to teach the new class.
A former Baltimore City public school English teacher, Hartwell is education director of the Baltimore Improv Group, a nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing the art and appreciation of improvisational theater.
According to Hartwell, improv teaches a number of important lessons, from focused and active listening and confident and effective interpersonal communications skills to teamwork, leadership, and even crisis management.
“Few things prepare a person to deal confidently and adroitly with unforeseen challenges the way improv does,” he says, pointing out that a number of top MBA programs, including those at MIT, UCLA, Duke, and Columbia, now offer improv classes to round out their students’ educations.
At Johns Hopkins, the new elective course began in January and will conclude on May 10 with a last round of improv performances, in place of final exams. Students in the small but enthusiastic inaugural class say the work they’ve done over the past 10 weeks has taught them innumerable skills and lessons that they will take with them out into the professional arena.
“Improv has not only improved my confidence in public speaking in general, but more specifically, it has shown me that I don’t have to worry about the unexpected, because I can handle whatever is thrown my way,” says Megumi Chen, a senior applied mathematics and statistics major at the Whiting School.
Chen, who will start a job in finance post-graduation, also credits her improv training with teaching her to listen – really listen.
“Listening is at the foundation of all communication, and I think the class has made me very good at it in a way I wasn’t before,” she says. “Previously, while the other person was talking, I might be thinking about what I was going to say, or feeling anxious about what I should say. Now, I tune in completely to what the other person is saying and respond to that. I think that is going to be an incredibly valuable skill in the professional world.”
Tia Aquart, a junior applied mathematics and statistics major, credits her experiences in Hartwell’s class with helping her to secure a coveted summer internship.
“I’ve finally landed an internship that I’ve been trying to get since freshman year, all because I struck gold in a conversation with the right person. I know for a fact that would be unheard of for me prior to taking this class,” Aquart says.
Aquart is convinced that her newfound self-confidence will turn out to be just as valuable as the academic knowledge and skills she acquired in more traditional classroom settings throughout her college career.
“Nowadays, networking plays a huge part in landing a job. I can’t solely rely on my awesome academic success; I need to know how to amaze the interviewer as well. That’s where improv is the essential key to success. I can’t memorize lines for every possible question someone could ask me. I now know how to answer any question without prior preparation,” she says.
Photos available; contact Phil Sneiderman.

Source: http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/673873/?sc=dwhn

EA Professor of Improv Worship


Bob... Ninja Mellow
"The Morning Light, No sensation to compare to this, suspended animation, state of bliss, I keep my eyes on the circling sky, tongue tied and twisted just and Earth Bound Martian I" Learning to Fly Pink Floyd [Video: https://vimeo.com/144891474]
Reply
#52
Virgin Galactic conducts 1st test of new reentry system (VIDEO)

Published time: 2 May, 2017 21:31

[Image: 5908f919c361884f138b46a0.jpg]
© virgingalactic / Instagram 

The world's first commercial spaceline, Virgin Galactic, has successfully conducted the inaugural flight test of its “feather” reentry system on its VSS Unity spacecraft at the Mojave Air and Space Port.

Monday’s test was the fourth glide flight of the company’s VSS Unity suborbital rocket-powered spaceplane, but the first to test out the unique “feather” reentry system. This essentially allows the craft’s twin tails to fold up, providing aerodynamic braking on its return from the lower atmosphere, ensuring those on board return to Earth safely.




“It’s kind of like a badminton birdie (shuttlecock) you throw that straight up and it’s always going to come down with the nose first and the part that spreads is the feather and it always comes afterward and that’s because the aeroforces always force it to come back in that orientation,” said project engineer Gabe Williams.

Virgin Galactic‏Verified account @virgingalactic



Image from today VSS Unity flies in the feather configuration, testing out the vehicle’s re-entry system. Read More: https://virg.in/1feather 
[Image: C-xGLKlWsAACspF.jpg]

The VSS Unity was piloted on the day by Mark Stucky and Mike Masucci, with pilots Nicola Pecile and CJ Sturckow, as well as flight test engineer Dustin Mosher, in WhiteKnightTwo – the mothership which carried Unity into sub-orbit.

RT‏Verified account @RT_com



To Space! Stephen Hawking accepts Richard Branson’s offer to travel on Virgin Galactic (once ready) https://on.rt.com/869w 
[Image: C7W3XhwXQAAKc9O.jpg]


Though there is still plenty of data for the Virgin scientists to pore over, and undoubtedly more glide tests to come, it seems now to be only a matter of time before VSS Unity takes to the skies under the power of its own rocket engine, which may be by the end of next year, if Virgin Galactic boss Sir Richard Branson has his way.


Source: https://www.rt.com/viral/386905-virgin-g...r-reentry/

Bob... Ninja Alien2
"The Morning Light, No sensation to compare to this, suspended animation, state of bliss, I keep my eyes on the circling sky, tongue tied and twisted just and Earth Bound Martian I" Learning to Fly Pink Floyd [Video: https://vimeo.com/144891474]
Reply
#53
(04-30-2017, 12:27 AM)EA Wrote: IT’S OFFICIAL. HUMANS ARE GOING TO MARS...

On March 21, President Trump issued a mandate for NASA: get people to Mars by 2033. 

Was "It's not scheduled to take place while I'm still accountable for keeping the promise" the first or the second sign of bullshit?

Sometimes I think mankind has become more about looking busy than actually achieving things since we walked on the moon.

Not really something I'm happy to say since I think it applies as much to my health as much as it does to space exploration.
"Work and pray, live on hay, you'll get Pie In The Sky when you die." - Joe Hill, "The Preacher and the Slave" 1911
Reply
#54
Nasa unveils plans for a YEAR-LONG mission to the moon in preparation for the journey to Mars in the 2030s
  • Nasa laid out its plans at the Humans to Mars Summit held in Washington DC

  • The four stage proposals will involve multiple trips to the moon

  • This will allow construction of the Deep Space Gateway staging area

  • Astronauts will spend 12 months aboard the space station in 2027
By Tim Collins For Mailonline
PUBLISHED: 17:05 BST, 10 May 2017 UPDATED: 18:35 BST, 10 May 2017
Mars has become the next giant leap for mankind's exploration of space.

But humans get to the red planet, astronauts will take a series of small steps by returning to the moon for a year-long mission.

Details of a the mission in lunar orbit have been unveiled as part of a timeline of events leading to missions to Mars in the 2030s. 

Scroll down for video

[Image: 402A406900000578-4492410-Nasa_has_outlin...604950.jpg]
Nasa has outlined its four stage plan (pictured) which it hopes will one day allow humans to visit Mars at he Humans to Mars Summit held in Washington DC yesterday. This will entail multiple missions to the moon over coming decades





Greg Williams, deputy associate administrator for policy and plans at Nasa, addressed attendees at the Humans to Mars Summit, held in Washington DC yesterday.

He outlined the space agency's four stage plan which it hopes will one day allow humans to visit Mars, as well as its expected time-frame.

This will involve multiple trips to lunar space, to allow for construction of a habitat which will provide a staging area for the journey.

The last piece of delivered hardware would be the actual Deep Space Transport vehicle that would later be used to carry a crew to Mars, he said.

And a year-long simulation of life on Mars will be conducted in 2027, according to Space.com.

Speaking at the Mars Summit, Mr Williams said: 'If we could conduct a year-long crewed mission on this Deep Space Transport in cislunar space, we believe we will know enough that we could then send this thing, crewed, on a 1,000-day mission to the Mars system and back.

'We're trying to lead this journey to Mars with a broad range of partnerships,.

'One of the things we'll be doing over the next few years is, putting that package together.


Quote:HUMANS TO MARS SUMMIT

Attendees at the Humans to Mars Summit held in Washington DC yesterday, were addressed by Greg Williams from Nasa.
He outlined the space agency's four stage plan which it hopes will one day allow humans to visit Mars, as well as its expected time-frame.
This will involve multiple trips to lunar space, to allow for construction of a habitat which will provide a staging area for the journey.
From there, the vehicle that will carry astronauts to the red planet will also be constructed.  

And a year-long simulation of life on Mars will be conducted in 2027.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4492410/Nasa-unveils-yearlong-mission-moon.html#ixzz4gj4bNepj 
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

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Reply
#55
New Adventures Stalled Always  /  Just Prolonging Lies


Go ELON MUSK !!!





Bob... Ninja Angel
"The Morning Light, No sensation to compare to this, suspended animation, state of bliss, I keep my eyes on the circling sky, tongue tied and twisted just and Earth Bound Martian I" Learning to Fly Pink Floyd [Video: https://vimeo.com/144891474]
Reply
#56
(05-10-2017, 10:10 PM)rhw007 Wrote: New Adventures Stalled Always  /  Just Prolonging Lies


Go ELON MUSK !!!





Bob... Ninja Angel

NASA delays deep-space Orion test to 2019 Doh  due to costs
May 12, 2017 by Kerry Sheridan

[Image: usnavydivers.jpg]
US Navy divers and other personnel practicing for recovery of Orion on its return from deep space missions, using a test version of the crew module
The first test flight of NASA's Orion capsule, designed to one day carry people to Mars, has been delayed until 2019 at the earliest due to high costs, the US space agency said Friday.



The unmanned test flight had been scheduled for November 2018 but was pushed back after the White House asked for a feasibility study of the cost, safety and technical constraints.
NASA also decided against a proposal to add astronauts to the first mission, known as EM-1.
Instead, the space agency will stick to its original plan of putting crew on the second test mission, known as EM-2, planned for August 2021 at the earliest.
That second flight is likely be delayed beyond 2021, too, said Bill Gerstenmaier, associate administrator of NASA's Human Explorations and Operations Mission Directorate.
Concerns about containing costs, improving the heat shield on the spacecraft, and adding life support systems to the spaceship all factored into the decision, he told reporters on a conference call.
"Even though it was feasible, it just didn't seem warranted in this environment," he said.
"And then it is going to cost more, and we have the budget that we have to be considerate of and make sure we spend the minimum amount for this stuff moving forward," he added.
"It's really the complexity of what we are trying to go do and build these systems."
NASA is building the world's most powerful rocket—known as the Space Launch System (SLS)—to propel the spacecraft to the area around the Moon and eventually to Mars.
The decision to delay the Orion test flights was made in partnership with the White House, NASA officials said.
No formal date has been set for the 2019 mission, but that should be coming in the next few months, said acting NASA Administrator Robert Lightfoot.

Manned exploration of Mars is expected to exceed $33 billion by 2033.

Speaking to astronauts at the International Space Station last month, US President Donald Trump seemed to urge NASA to hurry along its efforts to send people to Mars—a mission currently planned for the 2030s.
"Well, we want to try to do it during my first term or at worst during my second term so we will have to speed that up a little bit ok?" Trump said, eliciting laughter from the astronauts floating in microgravity.
Lightfoot was asked by reporters Friday if the White House meant that.
"They have asked us to look at the plan we have got today and see if we can keep going on that plan," he answered.
"They have not asked us to go to Mars by 2024."

[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Mars spacecraft's first missions face delays, NASA says


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-05-nasa-deep-...e.html#jCp



[/url]China tests 'Lunar Palace' as it eyes moon mission

May 11, 2017

[Image: alongmarch7r.jpg]
A Long March 7 rocket just before blast off at Wenchang Space Launch Centre on April 20, 2017. Groups of volunteers will live in a sealed lab simulating a lunar-like environment as Beijing prepares for its long-term goal of putting humans on the moon
Chinese students will live in a laboratory simulating a lunar-like environment for up to 200 days as Beijing prepares for its long-term goal of putting humans on the moon.


Four postgraduate students from the capital's astronautics research university Beihang entered the 160-square-metre (1,720-square-foot) cabin—dubbed the "Yuegong-1", or "Lunar Palace"—on Wednesday, the official Xinhua news agency reported.
The volunteers will live in the sealed lab to simulate a long-term, self-contained space mission with no input from the outside world, Xinhua said.
Human waste will be treated with a bio-fermentation process, and experimental crops and vegetables grown with the help of food and waste byproducts.
The cabin represents the "world's most advanced closed-loop life-support technology so far", state broadcaster CCTV said.
China does not expect to land its first astronauts on the moon for at least another decade, but the project seeks to help the country prepare lunar explorers for longer stays on the surface.
Two men and two women entered the lab on Wednesday for an initial stay of 60 days. They will then be relieved by another group of four, who will stay 200 days, before returning for an additional 105.
The "Lunar Palace" has two plant cultivation modules and a living cabin: 42 square metres containing four bed cubicles, a common room, a bathroom, a waste-treatment room and a room for raising animals.
"I will be in charge of the treatment of solid waste, urine, shredding straw, threshing wheat, processing food and other work," one of the student volunteers told CCTV, adding that other team members would have tasks related to crop growing, health monitoring, and supply inventory.
A successful 105-day trial was conducted in 2014.
The Lunar Palace is the world's third bioregenerative life-support base, and the first developed in China.
It is the only such facility to involve animals and microorganisms as well as plants and humans, its chief designer Liu Hong told CCTV, calling it "the first of its kind."
China is pouring billions into its military-run space programme and working to catch up with the United States and Europe, with hopes to have a crewed outpost by 2022.
Beijing sees the programme as symbolising the country's progress and a marker of its rising global stature, but so far China has largely replicated activities that the US and Soviet Union pioneered decades ago.
Last month, China's first cargo spacecraft, Tianzhou-1, successfully completed docking with an orbiting space lab.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: China eyes year-long stays for space station astronauts


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-05-china-lunar-palace-eyes-moon.html#jCp[url=https://phys.org/news/2017-05-china-lunar-palace-eyes-moon.html#jCp]
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#57
How President Trump, or ANYONE who has 'sympathy' for NASA/JPL who already KNOWS better ways to space than rockets is misplacing their trust, imho.

They are "playing" about getting humans the Flat Facts to becoming a Multi_Planetary species.

Bob... Ninja Doh
"The Morning Light, No sensation to compare to this, suspended animation, state of bliss, I keep my eyes on the circling sky, tongue tied and twisted just and Earth Bound Martian I" Learning to Fly Pink Floyd [Video: https://vimeo.com/144891474]
Reply
#58
Mining the moon for rocket fuel to get us to Mars
May 15, 2017 by Gary Li, Danielle Delatte, Jerome Gilleron, Samuel Wald, And Therese Jones, The Conversation

[Image: miningthemoo.jpg]
Between the Earth and the moon: An artist’s rendering of a refueling depot for deep-space exploration. Credit: Sung Wha Kang (RISD), CC BY-ND
Forty-five years have passed since humans last set foot on an extraterrestrial body. Now, the moon is back at the center of efforts not only to explore space, but to create a permanent, independent space-faring society.


Planning expeditions to Earth's nearest celestial neighbor is no longer just a NASA effort, though the U.S. space agency has plans for a moon-orbiting space station that would serve as a staging ground for Mars missions in the early 2030s. The United Launch Alliance, a joint venture between Lockheed Martin and Boeing, is planning a lunar fueling station for spacecraft, capable of supporting 1,000 people living in space within 30 years.
Billionaires Elon MuskJeff Bezos and Robert Bigelow all have companies aiming to deliver people or goods to the moon. Several teams competing for a share of Google's US$30 million cash prize are planning to launch rovers to the moon.
We and 27 other students from around the world recently participated in the 2017 Caltech Space Challenge, proposing designs of what a lunar launch and supply station for deep space missions might look like, and how it would work.
The raw materials for rocket fuel
Right now all space missions are based on, and launched from, Earth. But Earth's gravitational pull is strong. To get into orbit, a rocket has to be traveling 11 kilometers a second – 25,000 miles per hour!
Any rocket leaving Earth has to carry all the fuel it will ever use to get to its destination and, if needed, back again. That fuel is heavy – and getting it moving at such high speeds takes a lot of energy. If we could refuel in orbit, that launch energy could lift more people or cargo or scientific equipment into orbit. Then the spacecraft could refuel in space, where Earth's gravity is less powerful.
[Image: miningthemoo.png]
Mining operations on the moon, an artist’s rendering. Credit: Sung Wha Kang (RISD), CC BY-ND
The moon has one-sixth the gravity of Earth, which makes it an attractive alternative base. The moon also has ice, which we already know how to process into a hydrogen-oxygen propellant that we use in many modern rockets.


Roving Luna
NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite missions have already found substantial amounts of ice in permanently shadowed craters on the moon.
Those locations would be tricky to mine because they are colder and offer no sunlight to power roving vehicles. However, we could install big mirrors on the craters' rims to illuminate solar panels in the permanently shadowed regions.
Rovers from Google's Lunar X Prize competition and NASA's Lunar Resource Prospector, set to launch in 2020, would also contribute to finding good locations to mine ice.
Imagining a moon base
Depending on where the best ice reserves are, we might need to build several small robotic moon bases. Each one would mine ice, manufacture liquid propellant and transfer it to passing spacecraft. Our team developed plans to accomplish those tasks with three different types of rovers. Our plans also require a few small robotic shuttles to meet up with nearby deep-space mission vehicles in lunar orbit.
[Image: 1-miningthemoo.jpg]
An artist’s rendering of lunar rover concepts. Credit: Sung Wha Kang (RISD), CC BY-ND
One rover, which we call the Prospector, would explore the moon and find ice-bearing locations. A second rover, the Constructor, would follow along behind, building a launch pad and packing down roadways to ease movements for the third rover type, the Miners, which actually collect the ice and deliver it to nearby storage tanks and an electrolysis processing plant that splits water into hydrogen and oxygen.
The Constructor would also build a landing pad where the small near-moon transport spacecraft we call Lunar Resupply Shuttles would arrive to collect fuel for delivery as newly launched spacecraft pass by the moon. The shuttles would burn moon-made fuel and would have advanced guidance and navigation systems to travel between lunar bases and their target spacecraft.
A gas station in space
When enough fuel is being produced, and the shuttle delivery system is tested and reliable, our plan calls for building a gas station in space. The shuttles would deliver ice directly to the orbiting fuel depot, where it would be processed into fuel and where rockets heading to Mars or elsewhere could dock to top up.
The depot would have large solar arrays powering an electrolysis module for melting the ice and then turning the water into fuel, and large fuel tanks to store what's made. NASA is already working on most of the technology needed for a depot like this, including docking and fuel transfer. We anticipate a working depot could be ready in the early 2030s, just in time for the first human missions to Mars.
To be most useful and efficient, the depot should be located in a stable orbit relatively near both the Earth and the moon. The Earth-moon Lagrangian Point 1 (L1) is a point in space about 85 percent of the way from Earth to the moon, where the force of Earth's gravity would exactly equal the force of the moon's gravity pulling in the other direction. It's the perfect pit stop for a spacecraft on its way to Mars or the outer planets.
[Image: 1-miningthemoo.png]
An artist’s rendering of a fuel depot for refueling deep-space missions. Credit: Sung Wha Kang (RISD), CC BY-ND
Leaving Earth
Our team also found a fuel-efficient way to get spacecraft from Earth orbit to the depot at L1, requiring even less launch fuel and freeing up more lift energy for cargo items. First, the spacecraft would launch from Earth into Low Earth Orbit with an empty propellant tank.
Then, the spacecraft and its cargo could be towed from Low Earth Orbit to the depot at L1 using a solar electric propulsion tug, a spacecraft largely propelled by solar-powered electric thrusters.
This would let us triple the payload delivery to Mars. At present, a human Mars mission is estimated to cost as much as US$100 billion, and will need hundreds of tons of cargo. Delivering more cargo from Earth to Mars with fewer rocket launches would save billions of dollars and years of time.
A base for space exploration
Building a gas station between Earth and the moon would also reduce costs for missions beyond Mars. NASA is looking for extraterrestrial life on the moons of Saturn and Jupiter. Future spacecraft could carry much more cargo if they could refuel in space – who knows what scientific discoveries sending large exploration vehicles to these moons could enable?
By helping us escape both Earth's gravity and dependence on its resources, a lunar gas station could be the first small step toward the giant leap into making humanity an interplanetary civilization.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: Engineering team proposes storing extra rocket fuel in space for future missions
Provided by: The Conversation


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-05-moon-rocket-fuel-mars.html#jCp[/url][url=https://phys.org/news/2017-05-moon-rocket-fuel-mars.html#jCp]
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#59
...
holy smokes Whip

you know we are in the Dark Ages of space travel if we have to mine the moon for ice.


Quote:A gas Tp  station in space 


Nonono

Not a "gas station" please, how about ... 

LaGrangian Point 1 Interplanetary Band Space Port

We won't need to rely so much on massive lunar ice mining operations on the moon,
as projected in this last article's hype.
The next 10-30 years of space propulsion innovation will develop something much better,
for higher tech 21st century industrial space travel production.
{light at the end of the tunnel}
...
Reply
#60
Recall: reconsidered? 
NASA delays deep-space Orion test to 2019   due to costs
RE: The Gov't will Go to the Moon and Mars, Rite after this commercial break...
Researchers report new, more efficient catalyst for water splitting
May 15, 2017
The moon has one-sixth the gravity of Earth, which makes it an attractive alternative base. The moon also has ice, which we already know how to process into a hydrogen-oxygen propellant that we use in many modern rockets.
[Image: miningthemoo.jpg]
University of Houston physicists have discovered a catalyst that can split water into hydrogen and oxygen, composed of easily available, low-cost materials and operating far more efficiently than previous catalysts.



That would solve one of the primary hurdles remaining in using water to produce hydrogen, one of the most promising sources of clean energy.

[Image: miningthemoo.png]
The moon also has ice, which we already know how to process into a hydrogen-oxygen propellant that we use in many modern rockets.

"Hydrogen is the cleanest primary energy source we have on earth," said Paul C. W. Chu, TLL Temple Chair of Science and founding director and chief scientist of the Texas Center for Superconductivity at UH. "Water could be the most abundant source of hydrogen if one could separate the hydrogen from its strong bond with oxygen in the water by using a catalyst."
Chu and colleagues including physicists Zhifeng Ren and Shuo Chen, both of whom also are principal investigators with the Texas Center for Superconductivity at UH, report their discovery - an efficient catalyst produced without the expensive precious metals most commonly used—this week in the Proceedings of the Natural Academy of Sciences.
Other researchers involved in the project include postdoctoral researchers Haiqing Zhou and Fang Yu, and graduate students Jingying Sun and Ran He.

[Image: 1-miningthemoo.jpg]
The moon also has ice, which we already know how to process into a hydrogen-oxygen propellant that we use in many modern rockets.

The catalyst, composed of ferrous metaphosphate grown on a conductive nickel foam platform, is far more efficient than previous catalysts, as well as less expensive to produce.
"Cost-wise, it is much lower and performance-wise, much better," said Zhifeng Ren, M.D. Anderson professor of physics and lead author on the paper. The catalyst also is durable, operating more than 20 hours and 10,000 cycles in testing.
"Some catalysts are outstanding but are only stable for one or two hours," Ren said. "That's no use."
Although it is simple in theory, splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen is a complex process, requiring two separate reactions - a hydrogen evolution reaction and an oxygen evolution reaction, each requiring a separate electrode. While hydrogen is the more valuable component, it can't be produced without also producing oxygen. And while efficient hydrogen catalysts are available, Ren said the lack of an inexpensive and efficient oxygen catalyst has created a bottleneck in the field.
Hydrogen has a number of advantages. "Hydrogen (H2) produced from water splitting by an electrochemical process, called water electrolysis, has been considered to be a clean and sustainable energy resource to replace fossil fuels and meet the rising global energy demand, since water is both the sole starting material and byproduct when clean energy is produced by converting H2 back to water," the researchers wrote.

And unlike solar power, wind power and other "clean" energy, hydrogen can be easily stored.

[Image: 1-miningthemoo.png]
The moon also has ice, which we already know how to process into a hydrogen-oxygen propellant that we use in many modern rockets.

Currently, most hydrogen is produced through steam methane reforming and coal gasification; those methods raise the fuel's carbon footprint despite the fact that it burns cleanly.
Chen said oxygen evolution reactions often depend upon an electrocatalyst using a "noble metal" - iridium, platinum or ruthenium. But those are expensive and not readily available.(except on the moon  )
"In this work, we discovered a highly active and stable electrocatalyst based on earth-abundant elements, which even outperforms the noble metal based ones," she said. "Our discovery may lead to a more economic approach for hydrogen production from water electrolysis."
Water splitting can be triggered either through electric current or through photocatalysis, using the power of the sun. Direct solar-powered water splitting is too inefficient, as water can absorb just a small portion of the light spectrum. Ideally, Ren said, solar power would be used to generate the electric power used to split water.
[Image: 1x1.gif] Explore further: New approach to water splitting could improve hydrogen production
More information: Haiqing Zhou el al., "Highly active catalyst derived from a 3D foam of Fe(PO3)2/Ni2P for extremely efficient water oxidation," PNAS (2017). www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1701562114 



Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-05-efficient-...t.html#jCp[/url]


The moon also has ice, which we already know how to process into a [url=https://www.nasa.gov/topics/technology/hydrogen/hydrogen_fuel_of_choice.html]hydrogen-oxygen propellant
 that we use in many modern rockets.
The Five Big Things on Moon Express's Future Lunar Shopping List
We're talking solving the energy crisis and extended spaceflight here.


Moon rocks are going to be real.


Now that Moon Express has approval from the U.S. government to send a lander to the moon, it’s time to prepare for an onslaught of lunar minerals that we’ll be graced with.

The unmanned lander going up in the next year isn’t going to return anything to Earth, but Bob Richards, the CEO and co-founder of Moon Express, has stated that his real goal is to mine the moon. This isn’t crazytalk: the moon contains a wealth of elements and minerals that are rare or hard to access here on Earth. And Moon Express is setting itself up to capitalize on that in the near future, with Richards hoping to bring back lunar treasures in the early 2020s.

Here’s what Moon Express already has a shopping list for what they’d like to find.

Iron

[Image: 4b4ff2e26f61.jpeg?auto=format%2Ccompress&w=640]

Iron is relatively common on Earth, but it makes up a large part of the minerals on the surface of the moon. Since it’s so commonly used in industry, a new source of iron would be a valuable find on the moon. Lunar iron mining might also come with other elements commonly used in industry like aluminum and silicon, which are also common on the moon’s surface.

Platinum

[Image: 31467f945fff.png]
Along with its obvious value for jewelry, platinum and other metals in the platinum group are used in electronics and cancer treatments. They are non-reactive in the body, good conductors, and extremely difficult to corrode, which is part of what makes them so valuable. The metals potentially on the moon include ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum itself.

Helium-3

[Image: the-interior-of-the-new-wendelstein-7-x-...ress&w=700]

The interior of the new Wendelstein 7-X nuclear fusion experimental device at the Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics in Greifswald, Germany. 



Helium-3 is extremely rare on Earth, thanks to our magnetic field. And that’s too bad if you’re trying to find the perfect fuel for nuclear fusion that isn’t radioactive and won’t produce dangerous waste products. Luckily for proponents of nuclear fusion as the energy source of the future, helium-3 is extremely abundant on the moon. Because it’s so rare on Earth, it’s still unclear if helium-3 would solve our energy woes, but hauling some back from the moon could provide answers pretty quickly.

Unknown Alloys of Nickel, Cobalt, and Iron

[Image: b03a551e6b9a.jpeg?auto=format%2Ccompress&w=640]

Because of the low gravity on the moon, it’s possible that these common metals can be manufactured into new combinations that wouldn’t form on the Earth’s surface, says Naveen Jain, the other co-founder of Moon Express. And even if that’s not possible, new sources of nickel and cobalt are extremely valuable for future space missions because they are so rare on Earth and necessary in jet engines.

Water

[Image: region-on-the-south-pole-of-the-moon-wit...27&gifq=35]

Region on the south pole of the moon with large craters that could contain ice.


On the moon, it would be ice, and could be turned into the fuel required for spaceflight. Because it’s so rare in space, having a source from the moon would be extremely valuable. Water can also be used as a source of oxygen for future manned missions. This would minimize the amount of material rockets have to carry on take off. Not only would this allow them to be active for longer, it would let them carry more into space, reducing the costs of takeoff for individual missions. And perhaps most importantly, if we could mine water from the moon, commercial spaceflight can really, truly, finally take off.

The moon also has ice, which we already know how to process into a hydrogen-oxygen propellant that we use in many modern rockets.
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#61
Quote:Posted by Vianova - 5 hours ago
...
holy smokes [Image: whip.gif]

you know we are in the Dark Ages of space travel if we have to mine the moon for ice.
[size=undefined]

We won't need to rely so much on massive lunar ice mining operations on the moon,
as projected in this last article's hype.
The next 10-30 years of space propulsion innovation will develop something much better,
for higher tech 21st century industrial space travel production.
{light at the end of the tunnel}[/size]

Quote:We've hit next-level physics???  Arrow
http://www.sciencealert.com/hydrogen-bon...first-time
Recall: reconsidered?  

NASA delays deep-space Orion test to 2019   due to costs

RE: The Gov't will Go to the Moon and Mars, Rite after this commercial break...

Researchers report new, more efficient catalyst for water splitting

May 15, 2017
The moon has one-sixth the gravity of Earth, which makes it an attractive alternative base. The moon also has ice, which we already know how to process into a hydrogen-oxygen propellant that we use in many modern rockets.
[Image: hydrogen-bond-may_1024.jpg]
University of Basel, Department of Physics


Hydrogen Bonds Have Been Directly Detected For The First Time
We've hit next-level physics.

http://www.sciencealert.com/hydrogen-bon...first-time
[Image: 1-miningthemoo.png]
BEC CREW
15 MAY 2017


For the first time ever, physicists have managed to directly detect a hydrogen bond within a single molecule - meaning we can now observe the smallest and most abundant element in the Universe in ways that scientists could only ever theorise about.
The experiment also reveals just how sensitive our imaging devices have become - hydrogen bonds are far weaker than chemical bonds, and until now, it's been impossible to see them. Now, scientists can visualise them so clearly using an atomic force microscope, they can measure their exact force.

Of all the elements scientists in the Universe that scientists are striving to get better grasp on, hydrogen is arguably at the top of the pile. 
Hydrogen makes up 75 percent of all the visible mass in the Universe, and more than 90 percent of all the atoms.
It easily forms compounds with nearly all non-metallic elements on the periodic table, and its bonds with oxygen and carbon are why any of us exist at all.
You can also thank hydrogen bonds for your very stable DNA double helix structure - millions of hydrogen bonds are the reason your DNA base pairs stay intact, which means it really is one of the fundamental building blocks of life as we know it.
But there have been two major challenges when it comes to studying hydrogen bonds in their purest form: hydrogen is as small as atoms get; and its weak bonds are very easily broken, particularly when it comes to studying single molecules.
"The hydrogen atom - the smallest and most abundant atom - is of utmost importance in physics and chemistry," say researchers from the University of Basel's Swiss Nanoscience Institute.

"Although many analysis methods have been applied to its study, direct observation of hydrogen atoms in a single molecule remains largely unexplored."
Using hydrogen compounds called propellane with configurations that resemble a propeller, the Swiss team has successfully measured the force and distance between an oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms.
"Our ... calculations confirm the signature of directional bonding, characteristic of very weak hydrogen bonding," the researchers report.
"The direct measurement of the interaction with a hydrogen atom paves the way for the identification of three-dimensional molecules such as DNAs and polymers."
So how did they do it?
They selected hydrocarbon compounds that always arrange themselves to have two hydrogen atoms pointing upwards.

You can see the side-on view of the propeller shape here, with the hydrogen atoms in white (the second hydrogen bond pointing upwards is obstructed behind the first one):
[img=660x0]http://www.sciencealert.com/images/2017-05/prop-may-new.jpg[/img]

Shigeki Kawai et. al/Science Advances
[size=undefined]
The team then subjected this molecule to an atomic force microscope (AFM), which is a very high-resolution type of scanning probe microscopy that's able to visualise and measure minuscule forces.
They augmented the tip of the microscope with carbon monoxide, which made it extremely sensitive to hydrogen. When the tip was brought close enough to these hydrogen atoms, hydrogen bonds were formed in a way that they could be directly examined.
In this image, you can see both hydrogen atoms pointing upwards:
[img=676x0]http://www.sciencealert.com/images/2017-05/hydrogenbond-new.jpg[/img][/size]

A hydrogen bond forms between a propellane (lower molecule) and the carbon monoxide microscope tip (upper molecule) Credit: University of Basel, Department of Physics
[size=undefined]
You can see this in the above illustration, with the carbon monoxide tip above forming a bond with the hydrocarbon 'propellane' compound below.
When the researchers compared their results to established calculations of hydrogen bonds in this kind of molecule, they matched exactly.
As the researchers point out, "[H]ydrocarbons are one of the most varied and functionalised products at the heart of engineering, chemistry, and life, and hydrogen is often critical in their function."
Now that we can directly measure hydrogen bonds, we're about to see one of the most fundamental building blocks of the Universe in a whole new light, and we can't wait to see where this next-level physics takes us next.
The research has been published in Science Advances.[/size]




Quote:Pie Whole Wednesday, March 22nd, 2017, 03:57 am

Well if you're SURE it's not just part of Putin's plan to get us to spend all our money on magic beans... :-)

More Bang for the buck.  Arrow Rocketry may have a giant leap in understanding hydrogen-oxygen propellant 

[size=undefined]Hydrogen Bonds Have Been Directly Detected For The First Time
We've hit next-level physics.

[Image: 1-miningthemoo.jpg]
http://www.sciencealert.com/hydrogen-bon...first-time
[/size]
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#62
...
I don't think that "water splitting" and such will ever have warp drive potential.
The moon and Mars are interesting stepping stones I suppose,
but the real prize is in Earth like planets,
nearby and ready to colonize.

We need to get to Mars in 6 hours, not 6 months. 
Our species is slow to make the necessary giant steps forward Whip
in social / spiritial / technological evolutions.

I think a good part of that has been the repeated cosmic catastrophisms upon this planet.
Nonetheless, we see an avalanche of new technological methods and this-n-that discoveries,
but not the giant steps forward that make a difference in energy or space sectors.

name the first Space Station at Langrangian Point 1
Nonono   Horsepoop


name the first lunar ice mining colony

Worship  Whip

name the first Earth like planet physically scouted for colonization

Holycowsmile                        Applause


We need to get to Mars in 6 hours, not 6 months.
...
Reply
#63
Mining Water = hydrogen-oxygen propellant + electricity = Further Mining:

Iron 
Platinum
The metals potentially on the moon include ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, and platinum itself.
Helium-3
Unknown Alloys of Nickel, Cobalt, and Iron

Mining Machines will not be internal combustion driven.
They will be Electric.
=solar + water available because Helium 3 is still a fantasy.

The menu is growing in space as well. LilD
ISS crew harvest new crop of vegetables grown in space
by Jorge Sotomayor, Lead Increment Scientist, ISS Expeditions 51 and 52
Houston TX (SPX) May 17, 2017


[Image: peggy-whitson-light-microscopy-module-iss-lg.jpg]
NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson works on the Light Microscopy Module on the International Space Station. The LMM is a flexible state-of-the-art microscope. Image courtesy NASA. For a larger version of this image please go here.

While preparing for the 200th spacewalk on the International Space Station, the crew members in orbit performed the latest harvest of vegetables grown in space. NASA astronaut Jack Fischer collected the latest crop of Tokyo Bekana Chinese cabbage for the Veg-03 investigation.
Some of this was consumed at meal-time, and the rest sealed for analysis back on Earth. Understanding how plants respond to microgravity is an important step for future long-duration space missions, which will require crew members to grow their own food. Astronauts on the station have previously grown lettuce and flowers in the Veggie facility.
Veggie provides lighting and necessary nutrients for plants by using a low-cost growth chamber and planting pillows, which deliver nutrients to the root system. The Veggie pillow concept is a low-maintenance, modular system that requires no additional energy beyond a special light to help the plants grow. It supports a variety of plant species that can be cultivated for fresh food, and even for education experiments.
Crew members have commented that they enjoy space gardening, and investigators believe growing plants could provide a psychological benefit to crew members on long-duration missions, just as gardening is often an enjoyable hobby for people on Earth. Data from this investigation could benefit agricultural practices on Earth by designing systems that use valuable resources such as water more efficiently.
NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson worked on setting up the Fluids Integrated Rack (FIR) for a biophysics study on the space station. The FIR is a research facility designed to host investigations into colloids, gels, bubbles, wetting and capillary action, including the phase changes from gas to liquid to solid. It provides a central location on the space station to research complex fluids.
Investigations range from fundamental research to technology development in support of NASA exploration missions and include life support, power, propulsion, and thermal control systems. The FIR minimizes the number of support items sent to the station by using different modules capable of supporting various types of experiments.
Ground teams commanded another round of NASA's Space Communications and Navigations Testbed (SCaN Testbed) investigation. The SCaN Testbed is a flexible radio system - designed at NASA's Glenn Research Center in Cleveland - that conforms to common, non-proprietary standards so agency flight controllers can change the software and how the equipment is used during flight. It would allow spacecraft crews and ground teams to recover from unpredicted errors or changes in the system.
Changing a radio's software after launch would give mission operators on the ground the ability to enhance communication systems for increased data flow and possibly resolve system problems. Using the same hardware platform for various missions and only changing the software to meet specific mission needs would reduce cost and risk. Radio technology designed for use in space could be used on Earth to develop technologically advanced communications products.
Crew members also performed an investigation about the environment in which they live and work from a practical and psychological point of view. The Habitability Assessment of International Space Station (Habitability) gives station residents the opportunity to make observations about the orbiting laboratory they call home.
For crew members on long-duration space missions, cabin designs must balance comfort and efficiency. The thoughts and ideas brought forth by the crew can help spacecraft designers understand how much habitable volume is needed, including whether a mission's duration impacts how much personal space crew members need.
The crew answers questionnaires and records video tours while making suggestions on layout and internal design. Results from the Habitability investigation will provide insight and contribute to the design of future spacecraft. It may also apply to workers who live and work in confined spaces with limited volume and resources on Earth, such as remote polar research stations, ocean drilling rigs or mines.
Progress was made on other investigations, outreach activities, and facilities this week, including the Combustion Integration Rack, GLACIER, ISS Ham Radio, OsteoOmics, Human Research Facility-2, Phase Change Heat Exchanger, Fine Motor Skills, ExPRESS Logistics Carrier-4 and the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE III).


http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/ISS_cr...e_999.html
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
Reply
#64
I'll post this here for now but WHY are we still using rockets, since I have 24 patent listings from Google that go back to 1962 that a Space Warfare Operational Research Division aka SWORD most likely EXISTS.

Triangular spacecraft
US 20060145019 A1
https://www.google.com/patents/US2006014...1762970673


Bob... Ninja Alien2
"The Morning Light, No sensation to compare to this, suspended animation, state of bliss, I keep my eyes on the circling sky, tongue tied and twisted just and Earth Bound Martian I" Learning to Fly Pink Floyd [Video: https://vimeo.com/144891474]
Reply
#65
Here is post that will take awhile to get through EVERYTHING here.

Stretchy Holograms Could Power 3D, Morphing Projections

By Edd Gent, Live Science Contributor | May 17, 2017 11:21am ET


[Image: aHR0cDovL3d3dy5saXZlc2NpZW5jZS5jb20vaW1h...1zLmpwZWc=]

Researchers have developed holograms made of stretchy materials that could enable holographic animation.
Credit: American Chemical Society 

Holograms are a staple of science fiction, but the kinds of 3D, multicolored moving images floating in midair from movies like "Star Wars" are still a long way from reality. Now, though, researchers have developed the world’s first stretchable hologram, which could one day enable holographic animation, according to a new study.
In real life, holograms are more like paintings or photographs. They are effectively recordings of a 3D light field. When lit properly, they project a reproduction of the original object. Confusingly, the term refers to both the physical structure the image is recorded on as well as the resulting projection.
Almost all holograms contain a recording of just a single image, but now scientists at the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, have built a hologram on flexible polymer material that can hold several images. As the material is stretched, the different images are displayed one after the other, the researchers said. [Science Fact or Fiction? The Plausibility of 10 Sci-Fi Concepts]
"The question we asked is, Can we encode multiple bits of information in a hologram?" Ritesh Agarwal, research leader and professor of materials science and engineering, told Live Science. "It's an important piece of work, because it's the first time someone's shown you can record multiple holographic images, and by just stretching the polymer, you can basically change the image."
The members of the group relied on so-called metasurfaces to build their hologram. These are materials with a structure that has been carefully engineered at the nanoscale level to bend, reflect or distort electromagnetic radiation, with the aim of achieving specific goals like magnification or cloaking.
In this case, the researchers created an array of gold nanorods and embedded them in a flexible polymer called PDMA. The orientation of the rods is carefully calculated on a computer to determine how they reflect light, and therefore what holographic image they project, the scientists said.
The rods were also carefully designed so that stretching the PDMA base material changes the distance between the rods in a predictable way, so that the resulting holographic image morphs from one shape into another
Metasurfaces have already been used to create 3D and multicolored holograms, and even ones that can switch between pairs of holographic images by changing the polarization of the light they are illuminated with.
But, this requires bulky optical equipment to be readjusted, and the hologram can only accommodate two images, the researchers said. The new hologram that Agarwal and his colleagues developed measured on the scale of a few micrometers and could only hold three images, but the only limit is its size, they said. (One micrometer is equivalent to one-thousandth of a millimeter.)
Building larger holograms would allow many more holographic images to be recorded onto them, meaning they could store much more information than a standard hologram of the same size, the researchers said. This could even open up the possibility of creating a kind of holographic flip-book animation, they added.
"The information-carrying capacity increases tremendously," Agarwal said. "And as you make the hologram bigger and bigger, the interference between the images decreases dramatically, and even a very small amount of stretch would flip the image, so animation is possible."
Agarwal said these capabilities, described in a study published online May 10 in the journal Nano Letters, could have applications in virtual-reality products, flat-screen displays and optical communication devices. It could also lead to more secure holograms on credit cards that morph into a different image when they are bent, he said, which would be much harder to counterfeit.
The research team is not only working on holograms, though. Last year, the scientists combined metasurfaces with flexible materials to create a lens that can zoom 1.7 times when it is stretched.
This approach could produce much more compact instruments than traditional zoom lenses, which could be useful in small devices like mobile phones. The U.S. military has expressed interest in the stretchy lens, because it could replace the bulky telescoping lenses that snipers use, Agarwal said.
His group has now received funding to look at using so-called phase-change materials to build a hologram that can change shape in real time in response to electrical signals, which could finally usher in the kind of holographic display seen in "Star Wars."

Source: http://www.livescience.com/59141-stretch...tions.html

The dawn of the age of holograms | Alex Kipman TED TALK
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1cQbMP3I5Sk




7D Hologram Technology Amazing Show in Dubai !!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5CqUYBopWLs





Donald J Potts PROJECT BLUE BEAM WHALE HOLOGRAM IN SCHOOL 37 seconds

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nsd6qVsefy4




The "FUTURE" is already HERE in the now of WOW !!!   Holycowsmile   only mostly still "Deep State Secret"

Applicable patents in filing date from earliest to oldest pertinent to STOP using Rockets for Space Travel to get ANYWHERE beyond the Earth

Domestic appliance  -disk-drives
US 2780009 APublication number    US2780009 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Feb 5, 1957
Filing date    Sep 25, 1953
Priority date    Sep 25, 1953
Inventors    Stickel Carl A
Original Assignee    Gen Motors Corp
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (9), Classifications (19)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US2780009



Friction chargers
US 3047748 A
Publication number    US3047748 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Jul 31, 1962
Filing date    Mar 30, 1959
Priority date    Mar 30, 1959
Inventors    Landsverk Ole G, Merriner Delbert L, Zenonas Glodenis
Original Assignee    Landsverk Electrometer Company
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US3047748



Apparatus for the promotion and control of vehicular flight
US 3095167 A
Publication number    US3095167 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Jun 25, 1963
Filing date    Jan 5, 1960
Priority date    Jan 5, 1960
Inventors    Dudley Horace C
Original Assignee    Dudley Horace C
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (6), Classifications (18)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US3095167

Electrostatic generator for use in determining the electrostatic accumulation propertes of fibrous material and the like
US 3246239 A
Publication number    US3246239 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Apr 12, 1966
Filing date    Jan 16, 1962
Priority date    Jan 16, 1962
Inventors    Olney Robert A
Original Assignee    Atlas Chem Ind
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US3246239


Space manufacturing machine
US 3534926 A
Publication number    US3534926 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Oct 20, 1970
Filing date    Apr 28, 1969
Priority date    Apr 28, 1969
Inventors    Hans F Wuenscher
Original Assignee    Nasa
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (19), Classifications (11)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US3534926



Method and means for attitude control of space vehicles
US 3424401 A
Publication number    US3424401 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Jan 28, 1969
Filing date    Oct 18, 1966
Priority date    Oct 18, 1966
Inventors    Maurer Kent M
Original Assignee    Maurer Kent M
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (38), Classifications (6)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US3424401




Triangular spacecraft
US 20060145019 A1
Publication number    US3675879 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Jul 11, 1972
Filing date    Sep 2, 1969
Priority date    Sep 2, 1969
Inventors    Fuchs Harry B
Original Assignee    Fuchs Harry B
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US2006014...1762970673




Method and means for creating artificial gravity in spacecraft
US 3675879 A
Publication number    US3675879 A
Publication type    Grant
Publication date    Jul 11, 1972
Filing date    Sep 2, 1969
Priority date    Sep 2, 1969
Inventors    Fuchs Harry B
Original Assignee    Fuchs Harry B
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US3675879


Electromagnetic ramjet
US 5052638 A
Publication number    US5052638 A
Publication type    Grant
Application number    US 07/330,632
Publication date    Oct 1, 1991
Filing date    Mar 30, 1989
Priority date    Mar 30, 1989
Fee status    Lapsed
Inventors    Michael A. Minovitch
Original Assignee    Minovitch Michael Andrew
Export Citation    BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
Patent Citations (10), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (32), Classifications (13), Legal Events (3)
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
https://www.google.com/patents/US5052638




Force generating system
US 5090643 A
Publication number    US5090643 A
Publication type    Grant
Application number    US 07/494,156
Publication date    Feb 25, 1992
Filing date    Mar 15, 1990
Priority date    Mar 15, 1990
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Protective enclosure apparatus for magnetic propulsion space vehicle
US 5269482 A
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Priority date    Sep 30, 1991
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Advanced technology propulsion study
US 20010004098 A1Publication number    US20010004098 A1
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Priority date    Jul 7, 1997
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Original Assignee    Boyd E. Smith, Mervin C. Vincent
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Referenced by (13), Classifications (16), Legal Events (1)
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https://www.google.com/patents/US20010004098





Evolvable propulsion module
US 6193193 B1
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Patent Citations (10), Non-Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (21), Classifications (16), Legal Events (6)
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Gravity habitat module for space vehicle
US 6216984 B1
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Inventors    Akbar F. Brinsmade
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Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (15), Classifications (8), Legal Events (3)
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Superconductive geomagnetic craft
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Propulsion system for space vehicle -Star-Trek-Style-Vehicle
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External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
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Electric dipole moment propulsion system
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Priority date    May 9, 2002
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Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (3), Classifications (11)
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Mechanism for stabilizing and creating a variable gravitational field in a toroidal space station
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Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (1), Classifications (10)
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Space Warfare Operational Research Division aka SWORD

Why are we STILL using Rockets ???

[Image: matrix-red-blue-pill-morphius-giphy.gif]


In the Matrix movie, my 1st impulse was to take BOTH pills. Assimilated 




Bob... Ninja Alien2
"The Morning Light, No sensation to compare to this, suspended animation, state of bliss, I keep my eyes on the circling sky, tongue tied and twisted just and Earth Bound Martian I" Learning to Fly Pink Floyd [Video: https://vimeo.com/144891474]
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#66
Jeff Bezos lays out his vision for city on the moon, complete with robots

BY ALAN BOYLE on May 20, 2017 at 5:42 pm

[Image: bluemoon-630x371.jpg]Artist’s concept shows Blue Origin’s Blue Moon lander on the lunar surface. (Blue Origin Illustration)


SpaceX billionaire Elon Musk may have his heart set on building a city on Mars, but Amazon billionaire Jeff Bezos’ space vision looks closer to home. He’s gazing at the moon.

“I think we should build a permanent human settlement on one of the poles of the moon,” Bezos said today during a Q&A with kids at Seattle’s Museum of Flight. “It’s time to go back to the moon, but this time to stay.”

Bezos has talked about moon missions before, and he’s even told NASA that hisBlue Origin space venture could make Amazon-like deliveries to the moon, as part of a program called Blue Moon.

Today he went into more detail about his space aspirations when students asked him questions at the Museum of Flight’s “Apollo” exhibit. Bezos’ backdrop for the event included the decades-old pieces of Saturn V rocket engines that he arranged to have recovered from the Atlantic Ocean, plus an intact, never-flown engine of the same type.

Bezos said his dreams of spaceflight were fostered at the age of 5 when he watched NASA astronaut Neil Armstrong take humanity’s first steps on the moon in 1969. Now he’s able to follow through on those dreams – in large part because of the success of Amazon, the online retail company he founded in 1994.

A couple of months ago, Bezos acknowledged that he’s funding Blue Origin to the tune of a billion dollars a year, fueled by his sales of Amazon stock.







Blue Origin is ramping up its employment count and making progress on two big projects: the New Shepard suborbital spaceship, which has made five successful test flights to space and back; and the New Glenn orbital rocket, which will make use of Blue Origin’s BE-4 rocket engine.

New Shepard could start flying passengers as early as next year, which would provide opportunities for suborbital space experiments as well as space tourism.

“There’s a long history of tourism and entertainment driving innovations in technology,” Bezos pointed out. For example, barnstorming and joyrides helped sustain pilots and airplane-makers in the early days of aviation. Today, advances in machine learning, computer vision and artificial intelligence are being driven by improvements in graphics processing units, or GPUs.

“Why were GPUs invented? For one purpose, and one purpose only: They were invented by Nvidia for playing video games,” Bezos said.

On the orbital front, Blue Origin is currently testing the BE-4 engine and building a multimillion-dollar production facility and launch center in Florida to accommodate New Glenn rockets.

“That vehicle will fly in in 2020 for the first time,” Bezos said. Blue Origin already has lined up its first customers for New Glenn satellite launches in the early 2020s.







Bezos is clearly thinking about frontiers beyond Earth orbit: When asked about the potential impact of artificial intelligence on space operations, he said AI will point the way for “even better robotic probes to explore the solar system.”

Today, Mars rovers have to wait for detailed instructions from mission controllers on Earth on how to avoid that potential hazards they come across. “That’s one of the reasons that you get to cover very little ground with those rovers,” Bezos said.

“But if you had really good self-driving technology, machine vision and other things, those rovers could keep themselves safe and they could go faster and explore much more in a given amount of time,” he said.

They could also help build that city on the moon.

“There, you would want to pre-position a whole bunch of equipment and supplies before the humans show up, and some of those things might need to be assembled on the surface of the moon,” Bezos said. “And that’s the kind of thing that could also be done by advanced robotics with machine-learning systems on board.”

[Image: 20170520_Bezos_Apollo_63-630x420.jpg]Jeff Bezos talks with students at the opening of the “Apollo” exhibit at the Museum of Flight. (GeekWire Photo / Kevin Lisota)

Bezos noted that the moon’s polar regions would be the best places to build a base, because some craters in those regions are thought to contain reserves of water ice that are shielded from sunlight. That ice could be converted into liquid water for drinking, hydrogen for fuel, and oxygen for breathable air.

During past talks, Blue Origin executives have made clear that it expects lunar settlements to be created as the result of private-public collaboration, rather than purely private-sector or purely NASA-funded undertakings.

Why go to the moon? Almost 55 years ago, President John Kennedy said America chose to embark on missions to the moon “not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills.”

Bezos’ moon ambitions are motivated by more down-to-earth considerations: He argues that in order to keep up with a global population’s growing demands for energy and manufactured goods, we earthlings will eventually have to take advantage of resources and territories beyond Earth.
“I want to see millions of people living and working in space,” said Bezos, repeating what has become a mantra for Blue Origin.
Along the vines of the Vineyard.
With a forked tongue the snake singsss...
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